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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 141.


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A URANGABAD DISTRICT


14r


The largest towns are AURANGABAD CITY (population, 36,836 with
cantonment) and JALNA (20,270 with cantonment). The chief places
of commercial importance are AURANGABAD, JALNA, KADIRXBAD,
NANDER, BHIR, AMBA, and PARLI. Aurangabad is notable as having
been the head-quarters of Aurangzeb when he was viceroy of the
Deccan. His tomb is at KHULDABAD (Rauza), whither his body was
conveyed after his death at Ahmadnagar in I707. Khuldabad also
contains the tombs of Malik Ambar, the famous minister of the Nizam
Shahi kings of Ahmadnagar, and of Abul Hasan (Tana Shah), the last of
the Kutb Shahi house, who was made prisoner by Aurangzeb in I687.
The territorial changes made in I905 materially affected two Districts
in this Division, Parbhani and Nander. The following table shows the
revised area, population, and land revenue of the four Districts now
comprising the Division:-


Land revenue
Areain and cesses,
District. sqare Population,
miles. . thousands
ofrupees.
Auranglbad . 6,172 721,407 24,16
Parbhani . . 5,433 696,765 23,42
Nander . . 3,612 550,148 15,84
Bhir . . 4,460 492,258 15,37
Total 19,677 2,460,578 78,79


Aurangabad District.-District in the extreme north-west of the
Hyderabad State, lying between I9 i8' and 20 40' N. and 74 40' and
760 40' E., with an area of 6,172 square miles. It is bounded on the
north, west, and south by the Bombay Districts of Khandesh, Nasik,
and Ahmadnagar, and by the Bhir District of Hyderbbad; and on the
east by the Buldana District of Berar and the Parbhani District of
Hyderabad. Aurangabad may be divided into the Balaghat or 'uplands'
to the north, and the Payanghat or ' lowlands' to the south, the latter
terminating in the valley of the Godavari. The northern hills are a
continuation of the Balaghat of Berar, and are named
Satara, Ajanta, Kannadc.c., after villages in their Physical
proximity. The Mahadeo range, a continuation of the
Sataras, is 2,772 feet above the sea. All the hills in the District have
a terrace-like appearance with flattened summits. One range, about
2,400 feet high, extends from Khanapur to Jalna, passing through
Aurangabad and Daulatabad, being 3,022 feet high near the latter. The
Sarpanath hill in the Baiamahal range is 3,517 feet above the sea.
The Gaotala hills, also known as the Ajanta and Satmala, form the
northern limits of the plateau, running east and west for 70 miles.
The most important river is the Godavari, which forms the southern



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