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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 191.


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BAGLAS'


19T


but they were from time to time reduced to the position of tributaries by
the Sultans of Gujarat or the overlords of the Northern Deccan. The
first authentic notice of Baglan is in 1298, when Rai Karan, the last
king of Anhilvada, after his defeat by Ulugh Khan, fled thither and
maintained himself as an independent chieftain with the aid of Ramdeo
of Deogiri. It is probable that at this date the Rathors of Baglan were
tributaries of the Yadavas of Deogiri. After the overthrow of Ramdeo,
the country became an apanage of the Musalman rulers of Deogiri;
but in I347, during the disturbances which resulted in the Deccan
becoming independent of Delhi, it passed out of the possession of
the Bahmani kings. Thus in 1366 the Baglan chief is mentioned as
allying himself with the rebel Bairam Khan against Muhammad Shah
Bahmani I; while five years later, when Malik Raja, the founder of the
Fariki dynasty, established himself in Khandesh, the chief was forced
to become a tributary of Delhi. During the fifteenth century Baglan
was subject to the Ahmadabad Sultans, and in 1429 was laid waste by
Ahmad Shah Bahmani I; and save for a short period commencing in
1499, when the Baglan chiefs were forced to recognize the overlord-
ship of the Nizam Shahi dynasty of Ahmadnagar, they remained vassals
of Ahmadabad until Akbar's conquest of Gujarat in I573. The country
is described in the Ain-i-Akbarn (1590) as a mountainous and populous
region between Surat and Nandurbar, in which excellent fruit of various
kinds was grown. The chief was a Rathor in command of 8,000 cavalry
and 5,000 infantry, and possessed seven fortresses, two of which, Mulher
and Salher, were posts of exceptional strength.
On his conquest of Khandesh in 1599, Akbar attempted to take
Baglan; but after a seven years' siege was forced to compound with
the chief, Pratap Shah, giving him several villages in return for an
undertaking to protect all merchants passing through his territory, to
send presents to the emperor, and to leave one of his sons as a hostage
at Burhanpur.
Bairam Shah, who succeeded Pratap Shah, was attacked and reduced
to the position of a vassal by Aurangzeb in I637. A description of the
country at that date is given in Elliot's History of India, vol. vii.
A temperate climate, abundance of water, and the cultivation of excel-
lent fruit combined to render it famous. It measured 200 miles in
length by i60 in breadth, and contained 30 petty subdivisions and
about I,ooo villages. It was bounded on the north by Sultanpur
and Nandurbar; on the east by Chandor; on the south by Trimbak
and Nasik; and on the west by Surat and the territory of the Portuguese.
Tavernier (1640-66) speaks of Baglan as containing a large variety
of valuable trees, vast quantities of antelope, hare, and partridge, and
wild cows (probably bison) in its more mountainous parts. Sugar-cane
was largely grown and supplied many sugar-mills and furnaces; and



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