BALASINOR TO TWN
divisions, the former containing 4I villages, the latter 57, much mixed
with those of the adjoining State of Lunav5da. Except some hilly
tracts in the west, the surface is flat. The soil is fertile, and, though
fever prevails, the climate is tolerably healthy. There are no rivers of
any note except the Mahi.
The family traces its origin to Sher Khan Babi, a distinguished
officer in the Mughal service (I664). The fifth in descent, Salabat
Khan, obtained possession of the principality of Junagarh in Kathi-
awlr; on his death his territory was divided, the younger son receiving
Junagarh, and the elder son continuing to hold Balasinor. During the
ascendancy of the Marathas in Gujarat, the State became tributary to
both the Peshwa (1768) and the Gaikwar; and in 1818 the British
Government succeeded to the rights of the Peshwa, and assumed the
political superintendence of Balasinor. Placed at first under the super-
vision of the Collector of Kaira, BalHsinor has, since I853, formed part
of the territory controlled by the Political Agent of Rewa Kantha. The
chief is entitled to a salute of nine guns. Succession follows the rule
of primogeniture, and there is a sanad authorizing adoption. The dis-
tinguishing title of the family is Babi, meaning 'doorkeeper,' that
having been the office assigned to the founder who attained distinction
at the Mughal court.
The Census of 1901 showed a total population of 32,618, or I72
persons per square mile, living in 98 villages. Hindus numbered
28,146; Musalmans, 4,256; and Jains, 215. Numerically, the most
important caste is the Koli. The soil is generally rich, yielding millet,
pulse, rice, oilseeds, sugar-cane, and cotton. Of the total area, 89
square miles are occupied for cultivation, of which nearly two-thirds
were under crop in 1903-4. Routes from Gujarat to Malwa pass
through the State.
The Nawab is a chief of the second class, and has the power to try
his own subjects for capital offences without the sanction of the Political
Agent. The crop share system of land revenue prevails in some parts
of the State. The revenue is iž lakhs, of which Rs. 72,000 is land
revenue. The expenditure is i.I lakhs, including tribute of Rs. I5,532
to the British Government and of Rs. 3,078 to the Gaikwar of Baroda.
The State maintains a quasi-military force of 17 men, of whom
i6 are mounted. They are employed for police and revenue purposes.
There are i i boys' schools with a daily average attendance of 384
pupils, and one girls' school with a daily average attendance of 57.
The State maintains 2 dispensaries, which treated 10,316 patients in
1903-4. Nearly 700 persons were vaccinated in the same year.
Balasinor Town.-Chief town of the State of the same name in
the Rewa Kantha Agency, Bombay, situated in 22° 59' N. and 73° 25' E.,
near the Shedi river, about 41 miles east of Ahmadabad. Population