their encampments when their surroundings become filthy beyond
The coast of the Province was originally surveyed by officers of the
late Indian Navy between r823 and 1829. These surveys were after-
wards revised and corrected by Lieutenant A. W. Stiffe
Surveys. in 1874, and excellent charts have been published
by the Admiralty. The charts are supplemented by a very complete
and accurate account of the coast known as the Persian Gulf Pilot .
A systematic survey of the interior was commenced by the Survey
department of the Government of India in 1879, and during the
succeeding twenty years a triangulation connected with the Indus series
of the Great Trigonometrical Survey was extended through the country.
In spite of great difficulties, topographical surveys on the half-inch scale
have been carried out up to the 66th east parallel, and maps have been
published on that scale. Westward, the results of a reconnaissance
survey have been embodied in published maps on the quarter-inch
scale. Several special large-scale surveys have also been undertaken,
including one for a railway in the Zhob Valley and another of the coal-
bearing Sor range.
In connexion with the settlement operations, a cadastral survey of
all irrigated villages in the Quetta, Pishin, Shahrig, Sanjawi, Sibi,
Hindubagh, Kila Saifulla, and Bori tahsils has been undertaken on the
scale of i6 inches to i mile. These surveys are based on traverses
carried out by the Survey of India department, and are being extended
to the Duki and Barkhan tahsils. The agency employed is almost
entirely foreign, and the local Afghan has so far shown little aptitude
for acquiring the principles of surveying.
[Baluchistan Blue Books, Nos. i and 2 (I877).-Baluchistan Agency
Annual Administration Reports (Calcutta).-Census of India, 1901,
vols. v, va, vb.-G. B. Tate: Kalat (Calcutta, 1896).-' Geographical
Sketch of the Baluchistan Desert and part of Eastern Persia,' Memoirs
of the Geological Survey of India, vol. xxxi, pt. 2 (Calcutta, 1904).-
M. L. Dames: An Historical and Ethnological Sketch of the Baloch Race
(I904).-Sir T. H. Holdich: The Indian Borderland (i9oi).-A. W.
Hughes: The Country of Baluchistan (I877).-J. H. Lace: ' A Sketch
of the Vegetation of British Baluchistan,' Journal Linnean Society,
vol. xxviii (i89i).-C. Masson: Narrative of a Journey to Kalat( (843);
Journeys in Balochistan, Afghanistan, and the Punjab (1842).-A. H.
M'Mahon and Sir T. H. Holdich: Papers on the Northern and
Western Borderlands of Baluchistan in GeographicalJournal, vol. ix.-
H. Pottinger: Travels in Beloochistan and Sinde (i8i6).--T. H.
Thornton: Life of Colonel Sir Robert Sandeman (X895).]
' London, 1898. Sold by J. D. Potter, 31, Ponltry, and Ii, King Street, Tower