school, a middle school for girls with 602 pupils, and two middle
schools for boys with 575 pupils. There are also five verna-
cular schools, four for boys with 267 pupils, and one for girls
with 119. Public conveyances ply between the station and Bandra
and Pali hills, where the European and Pars! residents chiefly
Baned.-Capital of the Suket State, Punjab, situated in 3I° 30' N.
and 76° 56' E., 3,050 feet above sea-level. Population (I9oI), 2,237.
The town is picturesquely situated in a valley. It was founded by
Gahrur Sen, Raja of Suket, after Kartarpur ceased to be the capital
of the State.
Banera.-Chief town of an estate of the same name in the State
of Udaipur, Rajputana, situated in 25° 30' N. and 74° 4I' E., about
go miles north-east of Udaipur city, and five miles east of Mandal
station on the Rajputana-Malwa Railway. Population (190o), 4,261.
The town is walled; and on a hill to the west, 1,903 feet above sea-
level, and included within the ramparts, stand the fort and palace, the
latter being one of the most imposing edifices in Mewar. The estate,
which is held by one of the chief nobles, who is styled Raja, in-
cludes the town and IIi villages. The income is about Rs. 88,ooo,
and a tribute of Rs. 4,900 is paid to the Darbar. Banera has formed
part of Mewar from very ancient times. Akbar took it about I567,
and during the succeeding hundred years it frequently changed hands.
During the latter half of the seventeenth century, Bhim Singh, the
younger son of Rana Raj Singh I of Udaipur, proceeded to the court
of Aurangzeb and, for services rendered, received Banera in jagir and
the title of Raja. The fort, which was built about 1726, was taken by
the Raja of Shahpura about thirty years later, but was recovered
by Rana Raj Singh II and restored to its rightful owner.
Banga (or Vanga, also called Samatata).-Ancient name for the
deltaic tract of Bengal, south of the Padma river and lying between
the Bhagirathi and the old course of the Brahmaputra, corresponding
with the southern portion of what is now known as Eastern Bengal.
It was bounded on the north by the old kingdom of PUNDRA. The
inhabitants are described in the Raghubansa as possessing many boats,
and they are clearly the ancestors of the Chandals, who at the present
day inhabit this part of the country. This tract gave its name to the
Province of Bengal.
Banga.-Town in the Nawashahr lahsil of Jullundur District,
Punjab, situated in 3I1 I' N. and 760 o' E. Population (I90o),
4,697. The principal trade is in sugar, manufactures of brass-ware, and
carpenters' work. The municipality was created in I867. The
income during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 5,900, and
the expenditure Rs. 5,7oo. The income in 19o3-4 was Rs. 8,ooo,