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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 370.


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37


BANGALORE


Mysore having virtually freed those cities from plague. The population
at each Census in the last thirty years has been: (I87I) 8I,8io, (I88I)
839,540, (I89I) Ioo,o8I, and (I9oI) 89,599. The decrease since I891
is due chiefly to plague, but also partly to the absence of troops in I901
at the seats of war in South Africa and China. By religion there are
5,ooo0 Hindus, 21,500 Musalmans, and I7,0oo Christians. The can-
tonment was established in I809 on the removal here of the British
garrison from Seringapatam, which had proved too unhealthy for the
troops. But the head-quarters were at first in the fort, where also the
principal Europeans lived. The name 'cantonment' was applied till
I88I. On the rendition of Mysore in that year, the area was made
over to the British as an ' assigned' tract, and under the present
designation became subject to the administration of the Resident.
The garrison includes three batteries of artillery, and regiments of
British cavalry and infantry, Native cavalry, sappers and miners, pioneers,
and Native infantry (2), mounted infantry, supply and transport corps,
and mule corps. There are, besides, the Bangalore Rifle Volunteers;
and, in Bangalore city, under the jurisdiction of the Darbar, the
Mysore Imperial Service Lancers transport corps and the Mysore Barr
infantry.
The Station municipal board is composed of 6 ex-offcio and I8 non-
official members, the latter being elected, with the District Magistrate
as president. There are six divisions or wards: Halsur (Ulsoor),
Southern, East General Bazar, West General Bazar, Cleveland Town,
and High Ground. The elected commissioners are so apportioned
among them as to represent the several classes in each. There are
thus 6 Europeans and Eurasians, 4 Muhammadans, and 8 Hindus and
others. The income and expenditure during the ten years ending i90o
averaged 3-2 lakhs. In 1903-4 the income was 3-7 lakhs, including
2-4 lakhs from rates and taxes, and Rs. 85,ooo from rents and fees.
The expenditure was 3-5 lakhs, the chief items being 1-3 lakhs for
public works, and 1-2 lakhs for the medical and health department.
The water-supply is drawn from the same source as for the city,
namely, the Hesarghatta tank, but by an independent system of
pumping-works, filter-beds, and pipes, to a reservoir on the High
Ground. The daily supply is calculated at a million and a half gallons.
The drainage of a large area of the Station is carried by a sewer passing
through a tunnel to some distance beyond Halsur, where it is applied to
cultivation. The most noticeable public buildings are the Residency,
the District offices, and the Bowring Institute.
The 'assigned' tract occupied by the Civil and Military Station is
under the control of the Resident, and is provided with the various
departments of administration separate from those of the Mysore State.
Revenue work is performed by the Collector and District Magistrate.



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