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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 371.

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For police there is a Superintendent, with 39 officers and 238 con-
stables. The police jurisdiction extends also over railways (327 miles),
for which purpose there are 8 additional officers and II8 men. The
criminal courts include the bench of honorary magistrates, the courts
of the second magistrate, who is the officer in charge of the Resident's
treasury, of the Railway first-class magistrate, who is the Superin-
tendent of railway police, of the District Magistrate, and of the Sessions
Judge, who is the First Assistant Resident. The District Judge exercises
civil jurisdiction, under the control of the Resident's Court, which is
the High Court for the station, for both criminal and civil purposes.
There is no separate jail, prisoners under sentences not exceeding
one year's imprisonment being detained in the Bangalore Central jail
of the Mysore State, while others are sent to jails in the Madras Presi-
dency. The medical institutions are under the Residency Surgeon;
and the educational institutions, most of which are aided (60 with
4,877 pupils), are under the departmental control of the Director of
Public Instruction, Madras.
The revenue of the 'assigned' tract in 1903-4 was nearly 71 lakhs,
and the expenditure exceeded 7- lakhs.
Banganapalle.-One of the five Native States in political relations
with the Madras Government, the Political Agent being the Collector
of Kurnool. It lies between 15 3' and 15 29' N. and 77 59' and
780 22' E., on the table-land of the Southern Deccan within Kurnool
District, at a height of about 800 feet above sea-level. It is bounded on
the north by the Ramallakota and Nandyal taluks of that District,
on the east and south by Nandyal and Koilkuntla, and on the west by
Pattikonda and Koilkuntla. The total area is 255 square miles. The
State consists of two detached portions. The main
part is a straggling area beginning at the Rampur Physical
pass over the Erramala hills on the west and extend-
ing eastwards to Banganapalle town, and thence southwards almost
parallel to the Kunderu river through a tract of rich black cotton soil.
The detached portion consists of three hill villages, comprising an area
of about 20 square miles surrounded by part of the Koilkuntla taluk.
Except the Erramalas, which skirt the country on the west, two long
spurs running parallel to one another in the western portion and
enclosing the valley of the Jurreru, there are no hills of importance in
the State. Even these are low and tame in appearance. The country
is generally flat; but the western arm, extending from the Rimpur pass
to Banganapalle town, is hilly. It is also generally bare, except in the
west and round Banganapalle, where the Nawab has planted groves of
trees. The surface is covered with black cotton soil in the south, and
in the other parts with red gravelly earth, sometimes very stony. The
whole country slopes eastward to the Kunderu, and is well drained by
b 2

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