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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 6, p. 418.

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Bara Banki District.-District in the Fyzabad Division of the
United Provinces, lying between 26 3i'and 27 2i' N. and 80 56' and
81 52' E., south-west of the Gogra, with an area of 1,758 square miles.
It is bounded on the north-west by Sitapur; on the north-east by the
Gogra, which separates it from Bahraich and Gonda; on the south-east
by Fyzabad and Sultanpur; on the south by Rae Bareli; and on the
west by Lucknow. Bara Banki consists of an almost level upland
plain sloping gently from north-west to south-east.
Physical Along the Gogra is found a strip of alluvial soil,
aspects. which in the north becomes broader and includes
the whole valley of the Chauka as far as its junction with the Gogra
at Bahramghat. This low area is liable to flooding, and exposes great
areas of loose white river sand. The uplands, however, present a
broad sheet of level cultivation, dotted with many small villages and
hamlets, and set so thick with groves of mango that they seem to meet
in every direction and form a background to a landscape full of quiet
charm. The District is one of the most prosperous in the United
Provinces. It possesses a fertile soil, excellent drainage, ample
facilities for irrigation, and a thrifty and industrious peasantry. Exclud-
ing the Gogra, the chief river is the Gumti, whose winding course
traverses the south of the District, while the central portion is drained
by its two tributaries, the Reth and Kalyani. The banks of these
streams are to some extent broken by ravines. Small shallow lakes
and jhils are numerous everywhere.
Bara Banki exposes nothing but alluvium, and kankar is the only
stony formation.
The flora generally is that of the Gangetic plain. Scattered patches
of dhad (Butea frondosa) jungle occur, but their area has been much
reduced by the spread of cultivation. A very large area is occupied
by mango groves.
Close cultivation has reduced the number and variety of wild
animals. Hog are still numerous in the tamarisk jungle along the
Gogra and Chauka, and ni/gai are occasionally seen in the same
region. Jackals are common everywhere. During the cold season
geese and duck abound, but other game-birds are rare. Fish are
caught in the tanks, but the plentiful supply in the rivers is hardly
Excluding the low-lying tracts near the Gogra, Bara Bank! has
a very healthy climate. Statistics of temperature are not kept; but
the extremes of heat and cold are less marked than in the Districts
farther west.
The annual rainfall averages nearly 40 inches, the eastern portion
receiving the largest amount. Large fluctuations occur, and the
recorded fall has varied from 23 to 64 inches.

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