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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 7, p. 25.


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BARODA STATE 25
have injured the temples, which show evident signs of Muhammadan
violence.
[A. Cunningham, Archaeological Survey Reports, vol. x, p. 71.]
Baroda State (or Territories of the Gaikwar).-An important Native
State in direct relations with the Government of India, but geographically
in intimate connexion with the Presidency of Bombay. The territories
of the State are situated in Gujarat and in Kathiawar, but are so inter-
laced with British Districts that it is impossible, without reference
to a detailed map, to realize accurately their position, extent, and
boundaries.
Roughly speaking, it may be said that the State lies between 20° 45′
and 24° 9′ N. and 70° 42′ and 73° 59′ E., with the exception of the
Okhamandal tract, which lies between 220 5' and 22° 35′ N. and
69° 5′ and 69° 20′ E.
The name by which the natives recognize the territories of Baroda
and the capital town is Wadodara, which according to tradition is
a corrupt form of the Sanskrit word vatodar ('in the heart of the
banyan-trees'). At any rate, this name well describes the capital of
Baroda, inasmuch as in the vicinity of the city banyan-trees exist in
great numbers. But the capital had also another name, namely,
Virakshetra or Virawati ('a land of warriors'); and this name deserves
special notice, as it is mentioned (along with Wadodara) by the Gujarat
poet Premanand, who was a native of Baroda and flourished in the
seventeenth century. Moreover, it is stated that the ancient name of
the city was Chandanavati, and that it was so called after Raja Chandan
of the Dor tribe of Rajputs, who wrested it from the Jains. It is now
almost impossible to ascertain when the various changes in the name
were made; but early English travellers and merchants mention the
town as Brodera, and it is from this that the name Baroda is derived.
The Gujarat portion of the State is divided into three great divisions
or prdnts: namely, the Kadi prdnt to the north, the Baroda fprnt in
the centre, and the Navsari prant to the south; while the Kathiawar
portion is usually known as the Amreli prdnt.
A consideration of the boundaries of these four administrative
divisions will make clearer the geographical position of the scattered
territories of the State. The most northerly tllukas of the Kadi prdnt
are bounded on the north and north-west by the P.lanpur and Rad-
hanpur States, while the southern half is bounded on the west by
Ahmadabad District, and on the south by Ahmadabad and Kaira.
The eastern portion of the prdnt has for its boundary the Mahi Kantha
States. The Baroda prant has on its northern side Kaira District,
which juts in between the Petlad and Savli tdlukas. The western side
is bounded by a portion of Kaira, by Cambay, and by Broach District.
To the south it is bounded by the river Narbada, a portion of Broach



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