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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 7, p. 26.


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26 BARODA STATE
District, and a portion of the Rewa Kantha States, and on the east by
the Panch Mahals District and the Rewa Kantha States. The Navsari
frant is nearly split into two by a portion of Surat District which
almost crosses it from north to south. Bearing this in mind, it may be
said with tolerable accuracy that this prdnt is bounded on the north by
Broach and the Rewa Kantha States, on the west by Surat District and
the sea, on the south by Surat, the State of Bansda, and the Dangs,
and on the east by Khandesh District. The chief portion of the
scattered Amreli prdnt is surrounded by Junagarh and other Kathiawar
States, while the outlying Okhamandal subdivision adjoins the Arabian
Sea and the Gulf of Cutch, and is bounded on the land side by the
State of Navanagar.
The area of the State is now estimated at 8,099 square miles, made
up as follows: (I) Kadi, 3,o05 square miles; (2) Baroda, 1,887 square
miles; (3) Navsari, I,952 square miles; (4) Amreli, 1,245 square miles.
These figures differ from previous estimates by reason of the progress
of a survey which is now almost completed.
The greater part of the State lies within the area of the coastal band
of alluvium which has been formed by the encroachment on the shallow
Gulf of Cambay of the detrital deposits brought down
aspects. by the many rivers, large and small, which drain the
province of Gujarat, the western slopes of Mailwa, and
the southern parts of Rajputana. The upward slope of this alluvial
band is very gradual, so that, as a general rule, the face of the country
appears to be a dead level, and it is only when the eastern side of the
alluvial flat is approached that low hills begin to make their appearance.
In the Kadi prnt the only eminences that diversify the general flat
surface of the country are hillocks and ridges of blown sandy loam,
which rise, on an average, not more than 50 or 60 feet above the
general level, and only occasionally attain a height of Ioo feet or a little
more. In the Baroda prdnt the number of eminences deserving the
name of hills is also very small, and the only ones claiming attention
are in the Sankheda taluka in the east. Here is the Achali ridge, of
which the highest point rises 888 feet above sea-level, and the Lach-
haras hill (508 feet). The Navsari prdnt is much more diversified than
the other divisions; and here the height of the hills ranges from about
400 feet to about 2,000, with the exception of the fortified peak of
Salher, which attains a height of 5,263 feet, and is the third highest
point in the northern section of the Western Ghats. The greater part
of the Amreli prant is occupied by rolling plains which, as a rule, are
very treeless and cheerless in their aspect, and it is only in the Dhari
tdluka that we meet with hills worthy the name. This taluka includes a
great part of the well-known Gir forest, a tract zoologically interesting as
being the last refuge of the Gujarat lion. In the Baroda section of the Gir



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