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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 7, p. 105.

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Basmat Taluk.-Eastern tdluk of Parbhani District, Hyderabad
State, with an area of 6io square miles. Including jagirs, the popula-
tion in I90o was 79,569, compared with 117,344 in I89I, the decrease
being due to the famine of 900o. The tdluk contains one town,
BASMAT (population, 8,445), the head-quarters; and 215 villages, of
which 21 are jagir. The land revenue in I9oI was 3.2 lakhs. The
country is composed mainly of black cotton soil.
Basmat Town.-Head-quarters of the taluk of the same name in
Parbhani District, Hyderabad State, situated in 19° 20′ N. and 77° 10′ E.
Population (1901), 8,445. Besides the tahsil and police inspector's
offices, it contains three schools and a post office. Basmat is a busy
centre of the grain trade.
Basoda (Nawab-Basoda, Haidargarh-Basoda).-A mediatized chief-
ship in Central India, under the Bhopal Agency, situated on the Malwa
plateau, with an area of about 40 square miles, and a population (90oI)
of 4,987. The town from which the State takes its name was founded
by Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha in the seventeenth century. It is
often styled Muhammadgarh-Basoda and Haidargarh-Basoda, to dis-
tinguish it from the place of the same name in Gwalior State, but is
generally called Nawab-Basoda. The State is bounded on the west by
the Sironj district of Tonk State, and a portion of Gwalior; on the
north by the Saugor District of the Central Provinces, and the States
of Pathbri, Korwai, and Muhammadgarh on the east by Saugor District
and Bhopal; and on the south by Bhopal.
The Nawabs of Basoda belong to the Korwai family founded by
Muhammad Diler KhMn, an Afghan of the Barakzai Firoz Khel, in the
eighteenth century. On his death the State was divided between his
two sons, Korwai falling to the elder. The younger, Ahsan-ullah Khan,
settled at first at Rakha and Bahadurgarh, now Isagarh in the Gwalior
State, but being hard pressed by the Marathas, moved his capital to
Basoda in I753. In i817 the State fell into the hands of Sindhia, but
was restored in 1822 on the mediation of the British authorities. The
chief, though nominally subordinate to Sindhia, pays him no tribute,
and in his relations with that Darbar receives the countenance and
support of the Political Agent, who since 1822 has exercised the
same general authority in this chiefship as in the guaranteed chiefships
subject to his control.
Ahsan-ullah died in 1786, having alienated part of his possessions to
form the State of Muhammadgarh. He was followed by Nawab Baka-
ullah Khan and Asad Ali Khan, the last being at one time minister
of the Bhopal State, from which he was, however, removed for intriguing
with the pretender Dastgir. The present chief is Haidar All Khan,
who succeeded in i897, and bears the title of Nawab. The State con-
tains twenty-three villages, and is fertile and produces good crops

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