176 BELLAR Y TO tWN
All, who made a wonderful forced march, which has been graphically
described by Wilks, and routed the Adoni troops. He then, however,
seized it for himself and erected the present fortifications. Tradition
says that they were designed by a Frenchman in Haidar's service, and
that Haidar, finding the fort was commanded by the Face Hill, hanged
him afterwards at the main guard gate. The fort was in the possession
of Mysore until 1792, when, with others of Tipf's territories, it was given
to the Nizam. The Nizam ceded it to the British with the rest of the
District in 800o. It did not become the head-quarters of the District
until 1840, the Collector until that year living at ANANTAPUR.
Though Bellary is situated I,400 feet above the sea, its climate is hot
and very dry, but it is considered a healthy town. Its great want is
a proper water-supply, and it is hoped that the completion of the great
irrigation project connected with the TUNGABHADRA will supply this.
Besides being the head-quarters of the District staff, it is also the
residence of a Superintending Engineer and an Inspector of Schools.
A company of the Southern Mahratta Railway Volunteer Rifles is also
located here, and the town is the head-quarters of the Roman Catholic
Mission and of the London Mission. It contains a District jail, with
accommodation for 346 prisoners.
The chief educational institution is the Wardlaw College, which was
founded as a school in 1846 by the Rev. R. S. Wardlaw, D.D., of the
London Mission, and was raised to a second-grade college in I89I. It is
the only Arts college in the Ceded Districts. In 1903-4 it had an average
daily attendance of 319 students, of whom 17 were in the F.A. class.
A high school is maintained by the municipality; and there is a techni-
cal class at St. Philomena's high school managed by the nuns of the
Order of the Good Shepherd, the pupils of which are almost all
Europeans or Eurasians.
Bellary was created a municipality in I867. The receipts and expen-
diture during the ten years ending I902-3 averaged Rs. 80,oo0 and
Rs. 85,000 respectively. The income in 1903-4 was Rs. I,17,000, and
the expenditure Rs. 90,000. Of the former, Rs. 44,000 was contributed
by Government, and the rest was principally derived from the house
and land taxes and tolls, while the chief items of expenditure included
conservancy, roads and buildings, and education. The municipal
hospital, known as the Sabhapati Mudaliyar Hospital, was founded
in 1842 and has forty beds. The building was presented by the
gentleman whose name it bears. There are two other dispensaries. The
industries of Bellary include a small distillery, two steam cotton-presses,
and a steam cotton-spinning mill. The latter, established in 1894 and
fitted with machinery of the latest pattern, employs 520 hands. The
number of spindles is 17,800.
Bellavi.-Town in the Tumkur taluk of Tumkur District, Mysore,