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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 7, p. 194.


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194 BEXGAL
and most populous Province in India. It lies between 19° 18′ and
28° 15′ N. and between 82° and 97° E., and contains four large sub-
provinces. Bengal proper, Bihar, Chota Nagpur, and Orissa. The two
former comprise the lower plains and deltas of the Ganges and the
Brahmaputra. Chota Nagpur is a rugged tract and jungle, broken by
deep ravines and river valleys. The greater part of Orissa belongs to
the same formation as Chota Nagpur; but along the coast there is a
narrow belt of alluvium, formed from the silt deposited by the rivers,
which drain the hills as they find their sluggish way to the sea.
The Province is bounded on the north by Nepal and Tibet, and by
the mighty chain of the Himalayas on the east by Assam and the
continuation of the range of hills which divides Assam from Burma;
on the south by the Bay of Bengal and Madras; and on the west by
the United and the Central Provinces.
The whole Province forms a Lieutenant-Governorship with an area'
of 196,408 square miles, of which 84,728 square miles are included in
Bengal proper, 44,259 in Bihar, 24,306 in Orissa, and 43,115 in Chota
Nagpur. These figures include an unsurveyed tract of swamp and
jungle on the fringe of the delta, the extent of which is about 6,600
square miles. Of the total area, I57,796 square miles are British
territory, while 38,612 square miles lie in the Native States attached
to Bengal: namely, Cooch Behar, Sikkim, Hill Tippera*, and the
Tributary States of Orissa and Chota Nagpur.
According to Hindu legend, king Bali of the Lunar race had five
sons, begotten for him on his queen Sudeshna by the Rishi
Dirghatamas: namely, Anga, Vanga, Kalinga, Pundra, and Suhma.
Each of these sons founded a kingdom that was named after him.
Vanga2 or Banga is said to have occupied the deltaic tract south of
the Padma, lying between the Bhagirathi and the old course of the
25.000.000. The five Hindi-speaking Native States of Jashpur, Surgnja, Udaipur,
Korea, and Chang Bhakar were at the same time transferred to the Central Provinces;
while the District of Sambalpur with the exception of two -aminddris, and also the
Oriya-speaking States of Patna, Kalahandi or Karond, Sonpur, Bamra, and Rairakhol
in the Central Provinces, were attached to Bengal. The result of these transfers of
territory is that the Province as now constituted comprises an area of 148,592 square
miles, with a population of 54,662,529 persons. In order to show the effect of this
change in the constitution of the Province, footnotes have been added, wherever
possible, giving statistics for the new area; and the States, Divisions, Districts, and
towns transferred from Bengal have been indicated by asterisks.
1 Of the total area of 148,592 square miles now included in Bengal, 35,576 square
miles are in Bengal proper "including 5,700 square miles in the Sundarbans', 43,524
square miles are in Bihar, 41,789 in Orissa, and 27,703 in Chota Nagpur. Altogether,
ii5,819 square miles are British territory and 32,773 square miles are Native States.
2 The word Vanga first appears as the name of a country in the Aitareya
Aranyaka (2--I-), where its inhabitants are represented as eaters of indiscriminate
food, and as progenitors of many children.



194 BEXGAL
and most populous Province in India. It lies between 19° 18′ and
28° 15′ N. and between 82° and 97° E., and contains four large sub-
provinces. Bengal proper, Bihar, Chota Nagpur, and Orissa. The two
former comprise the lower plains and deltas of the Ganges and the
Brahmaputra. Chota Nagpur is a rugged tract and jungle, broken by
deep ravines and river valleys. The greater part of Orissa belongs to
the same formation as Chota Nagpur; but along the coast there is a
narrow belt of alluvium, formed from the silt deposited by the rivers,
which drain the hills as they find their sluggish way to the sea.
The Province is bounded on the north by Nepal and Tibet, and by
the mighty chain of the Himalayas on the east by Assam and the
continuation of the range of hills which divides Assam from Burma;
on the south by the Bay of Bengal and Madras; and on the west by
the United and the Central Provinces.
The whole Province forms a Lieutenant-Governorship with an area'
of 196,408 square miles, of which 84,728 square miles are included in
Bengal proper, 44,259 in Bihar, 24,306 in Orissa, and 43,115 in Chota
Nagpur. These figures include an unsurveyed tract of swamp and
jungle on the fringe of the delta, the extent of which is about 6,600
square miles. Of the total area, I57,796 square miles are British
territory, while 38,612 square miles lie in the Native States attached
to Bengal: namely, Cooch Behar, Sikkim, Hill Tippera*, and the
Tributary States of Orissa and Chota Nagpur.
According to Hindu legend, king Bali of the Lunar race had five
sons, begotten for him on his queen Sudeshna by the Rishi
Dirghatamas: namely, Anga, Vanga, Kalinga, Pundra, and Suhma.
Each of these sons founded a kingdom that was named after him.
Vanga2 or Banga is said to have occupied the deltaic tract south of
the Padma, lying between the Bhagirathi and the old course of the
25.000.000. The five Hindi-speaking Native States of Jashpur, Surgnja, Udaipur,
Korea, and Chang Bhakar were at the same time transferred to the Central Provinces;
while the District of Sambalpur with the exception of two -aminddris, and also the
Oriya-speaking States of Patna, Kalahandi or Karond, Sonpur, Bamra, and Rairakhol
in the Central Provinces, were attached to Bengal. The result of these transfers of
territory is that the Province as now constituted comprises an area of 148,592 square
miles, with a population of 54,662,529 persons. In order to show the effect of this
change in the constitution of the Province, footnotes have been added, wherever
possible, giving statistics for the new area; and the States, Divisions, Districts, and
towns transferred from Bengal have been indicated by asterisks.
1 Of the total area of 148,592 square miles now included in Bengal, 35,576 square
miles are in Bengal proper "including 5,700 square miles in the Sundarbans', 43,524
square miles are in Bihar, 41,789 in Orissa, and 27,703 in Chota Nagpur. Altogether,
ii5,819 square miles are British territory and 32,773 square miles are Native States.
2 The word Vanga first appears as the name of a country in the Aitareya
Aranyaka (2--I-), where its inhabitants are represented as eaters of indiscriminate
food, and as progenitors of many children.



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