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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 7, p. 361.

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Bera.-Village in the Sirajganj subdivision of Pabna District, Eastern
Bengal and Assam, situated in 24° 5′ N. and 89° 38′ E., at the junction
of the Ichamati, Baral, and Hurasagar rivers. Population (901o), r,675,
and including its adjacent hamlets, 5,417. Bera is a market with
a considerable trade, especially in jute, and two European firms have
branches here.
Berar (otherwise known as the Hyderabad Assigned Districts).-
A province, lying between 19° 35′ and 21° 47′ N. and 75° 59′ and
79° 11′ E., which has been administered by the British Government
on behalf of His Highness the Nizam of Hyderabad since 1853. It
consists of a broad valley running east and west, between two tracts of
hilly country, the Gawilgarh hills (the Melghat) on the north, and the
Ajanta range (the Balaghat) on the south. The old name of the central
valley was Paynghat; and these three names-Melghat, Payanghat,
and Balaghat-will be used to define the three natural divisions of the
province. The area of Berar is 17,7i0 square miles.
The origin of the name Berar, or Warhad as it is spelt in Marathi, is
not known. It may possibly be a corruption of Vidarbha, the name of
a large kingdom in the Deccan, of which the modern Berar probably
formed part in the age of the Mahabharata. The popular derivation from
certain eponymous Warhadis, who accompanied Rukmin and Rukmini
to Amraoti when the latter went to pay her vows at the temple of Amba
D)evi before her projected marriage to Sisupala, must be set aside as
purely fanciful; and Abul Fazl's derivation of the name from Wardha,
the river, and tat, a 'bank,' is of no more value.
Berar is bounded on the north by the Satpuras and the Tapti, which
separate it from the Central Provinces; on the east, where again it
adjoins the Central Provinces, by the Wardha ; along the greater part of its
southern frontier, where it adjoins the Hyderabad State, by the Penganga;
while on the west an artificial line cutting across the broad valley from the
Satpura Hills to the Ajanta range, and produced southwards over those
hills, separates it from the Bombay Presidency and Hyderabad.
The Gawilgarh hills attain their greatest height along the southern-
most range, immediately overlooking the Payanghlt, where the average
elevation is about 3,400 feet, the highest summit
being 3,989 feet. These hills decrease in height as Physical
they stretch away towards the north, the average
elevation of the range overlooking the Tapti being no more than
1,650 feet. The plateaux of the Balaghat do not attain the height
of the hills of the Melghat, the elevation of Buldana, Basim, and
Yeotmal being only 2,190 feet, 1,758 feet, and I,583 feet, respectively.
The general declination of the Balaglat table-land is from west to east,
or in the direction of the Wardha river, that of the Gawilgarh hills
being in the contrary direction.

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