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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 7, p. 422.

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No lunatic asylum has been established in the province, and lunatics
for whose custody it is necessary to provide are sent to the asylum at
Nagpur. The principal causes of insanity are said to be the abuse of
alcohol and narcotic drugs, enforced widowhood among Hindus and
the zanana system among Musalmans, physical ailments, and pecuniary
There was no indigenous method of inoculation in Berar before the
introduction of vaccination by the British Government, and it seems
that vaccination was at first regarded, if not with disfavour, at least as
an innovation of doubtful utility. This feeling has been gradually
The pice-packet system of selling quinine through the agency of the
Post Office was introduced in January, I895, in which year I,337 packets
were sold. In 1896 the aid of the Forest department was enlisted. In
I904 the total number of packets sold was 281,729, and it is evident
that the people are awakening to the value of this drug.
Village sanitation is attended to by village officials and by rural
boards under the advice and encouragement of District sanitary boards
and of officials on tour; but very much remains to be done in this
direction, and it cannot be said that any considerable number of the
people have as yet any knowledge of elementary sanitary principles.
The revenue survey of Berar was begun in I853-4, the year of
Assignment, in the Malkapur taluk. In i855 6 and 1857-8 the
Baltpur taluk was surveyed, and the survey of
the taluks which then existed proceeded in the
following order: Jalgaon (I857-8), Mehkar (1860-i), Akot, Chikhli,
Daryapur, and Murtazapur (I86I-2). In the Berar revenue survey
areas are calculated by the English acre, divided into 40 guntas,
each gunta being subdivided into I6 'annas.' The chain used is
33 feet long, and is composed of i6 links. A gunta is one square
chain, and an 'anna' is one chain long by one link broad. Native
surveyors survey with the chain and a cross staff, and a proportion of
their work is checked by the survey officer. The original survey of the
province was generally checked and revised between 1891 and 9goI,
but the survey of the Kelapur and Wun taduks has yet to be revised.
Munsarims, under the control of Deputy-Commissioners and the de-
partment of Land Records and Agriculture, are entrusted with the
duty of keeping surveys up to date. Many of the patwaris go through
a course of surveying in the Survey Training School at Akola.
[A. C. Lyall, Berar Gazetteer (i870); The Gazetteer of Aurangdbdd
(1884); Dr. R. G. Bhandarkar, Early History of the Deekan (1895);
Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, vol. xiii; Records of the
Geological Survey of India, vol. i, part iii; General Report of the Geo-
logical Survey of India (1902-5); Brandis, Suggestions regarding Forest

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