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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 8, p. 24.


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24 'RHADR.PSWAR-
close of the seventeenth century it . was plundered. by the 'Muhamma-
dans, and many., of the images of the Jain Tirthankars were .broken:
Since then it has been neglected, and having fallen into ruins, the
temple stones, and those of the old city fort, woe used for the building
of the.seapott town of Munra or Mndra.
[J: Burgess, Archaeological Survey of Western India, pp. 206-7
(x874-5)
BhrLdva.-Petty State in Kt1THiliwRR, Bombay.
BhadvAna.-Petty :State in K kTHIAW iR, Bombay:.
Bhfi;galpur Division.--A Division of Bengal, bounded on the north
by Nepal, and lying between 230 48' and 27 I3'; N. and between
85 36' and 886 53' E. The Division formerly included the District of
Malda, transferred to Eastern Bengal and Assam in igo5 ; and Darjee-
ling, which. used to be part of the Rajshhi Division, was at the same
time attached to this Division. The head-quarters of the Division are
at Bhgalpur t6wn, except for a portion of the hot season when they
are at Darjeeling. It includes five Districts, with area, population, and
revenue as shown below:-
Area in Land revenue
District. square Population, and cesses,
1903-4,inthou.
miles. 190'. snds of
rupees.
Monghyr 3,922 2,o68,804 11',95
Bhgalpur . 4,226 2,o88,953 '961
Purnea ' 1,874,-,94 : 14,11
4094
Darjeeling . 1,164 . 249,117 2,09
Santl Parganas . 5,470 1,8o9,737. 3,84
Total 19,776 8091;405 41i30
The population in 1872 was 6,7og,852, in 1881 it was 7,510,269, and
in 8gi it had grown to 7,990,464, the. density being 4091 persons
per square mile. In igoi Hindus constituted 74,48 per cent. of the
population, Muhammadans 16.82 per cent., and Animists 793 per .cent.,
while other religions included Christians (6,98q, of whom 13,363 were
natives) and Jains (723).
The Division is intersected from west to east by the Ganges. The
country.to the north is for the most part a flat alluvial formation rising
gradually towards the foot of the Himalayas, but the greater part of
Darjeeling is situated in the Lower Himalayas. ' In the south the Santl
Parganas form part of the Chota Ngpur plateau, which: also encroaches
upon the southern portions of Bhgalpur and Monghyr Districts, the
hills extending in the latter District as far as the Ganges. These parts
are peopled by the Dravidian tribes of Chota Nagpur, while north of
the Ganges and east of the Mahanand :rivet, in Purnea Dstrict,
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