70 BHANDARA DISTRICT
greatly on the construction of the railway, and cultivation expanded.
The District was resettled in the years 1894.-9, and the revenue was
raised to 6,04 lakhs, being equivalent to an increase of 38 per cent.
in the khiilsa and 69 per cent. in the zamindiiri estates. The average
revenue incidence per cultivated acre is R. o-Io-1r (maximum
Rs. 1-3-1, minimum R. 0-5-4), while the corresponding rental inci-
dence is R. 0-15-4 (maximum Rs. 1-3-9, minimum R. 0-5-5).
The collections of land and total revenue in recent years are shown
below, in thousands of rupees:-
1880-1. 1"90-1. 1900-1. 903-4-
revenue . 4,02 4,08 2,77 5,66
Total Total revenue . 7,59 8,41 5,57 8,87
The management of local affairs, outside municipal areas, is entrusted
to a District council and three local boards, each of the latter having
jurisdiction over one tahsil. The income of the District council in
1903-4 was Rs. 61,ooo, while the expenditure on education was
Rs. 24,ooo and on public works Rs. 17,ooo, BHANDARA, TUMSAR,
and PAUNi are municipalities.
The force under the District Superintendent of police consists of
31')2 officers and men, including 3 mounted constables, besides 2,116
village watchmen for 1,638 inhabited villages. There is a District jail
with accommodation for 126 prisoners, including 11 females. 'The
daily average number of prisoners in 1904 was 70.
In respect of education BhandÔra is neither particularly advanced
nor backward, 2Ľ5 per cent. of the population (5Ľ2 males and oĽa
females) being able to read and write. Statistics of the number of
pupils under instruction are as follows: (r88o-1) 3,899, (1890-1)
7,630, (1900-1) 7,682, and (1903-4) 8,226, including 275 girls. The
schools comprise 2 English middle schools at BhandÔra, with 5 verna-
cular middle schools and 129 primary schools, besides 2 private schools.
One of the BhandÔra English schools is managed by the Free Church
Mission. Two high school classes have been. opened at the expense
of a private resident in the other English school, but have not yet been
recognized by the Allahabad University. There are six girls' schools-
three in BhandÔra, and one each at Pauni, Sanichari, and Tumsar. A
separate school for low-caste Dher boys is maintained at Pauni. The
expenditure on education in 1903-4 was Rs. 46,ooo, the income from
fees being Rs. 4,500.
The District has 8 dispensaries, with accommodation for 59 in-patients.
In 1904 the number of cases treated was 93,106, of whom 323 were
in-patients, and 2,111 operations were performed. The expenditure