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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 8, p. 71.

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was Rs. 12,000, of which the greater part was provided from Provincial
and Local funds.
Vaccination is compulsory only in the municipalities of Bhandara,
Tumsar, and Pauni. The proportion of successful vaccinations in
1903-4 was 45 per 1,ooo of the population, being above the Provincial
[A. B. Napier, Settlement Report (1902). A District Gazetteer is
being prepared.]
Bhandâ.ra Tahs1l.-Western tahsil of the District of the same
name, Central Provinces, lying between 20 4o and 21° 43' N. and
790 27' and 790 55' E., with an area of i,o88 square miles. The
population in igo1 was 204,153, compared with 229,287 in 189x. The
density is 187 persons per square mile. The tahsil contains three
towns-BHANDARA (population, 14,023), the District and tahsil head-
quarters, PAUNI (9,366), and TUMSAR (8,116)-and 507 inhabited
villages. Excluding 204 square miles of Government forest, 63 per
cent. of the available area is occupied for cultivation. The demand
for land revenue in 1903-4 was Rs. 2,o9,ooo, and for cesses Rs. 20,000.
The tahsil occupies a narrow strip of land along the west of the Dis-
trict, consisting mainly' of open level country bordering the Waingangâ,
a considerable area being covered with fertile black soil. The cultivated
area in 1903-4 was 483 square miles, of which 35 were irrigated.
Bhandara Town.-Head-quarters of the District and tahsil of the
same name, Central Provinces, situated in 21° io' N. and 79° 4o' E.,
on the Waingangâ, river, 7 miles from a station on the Bengal-Nâgpur
Railway. Population (1900, 14,023. The town contains an old fort
said to have been built by the Gaolis, which is now used as a jail.
Bhandara was constituted a municipality in 1867. The municipal
receipts during the decade ending 1901 averaged :hs. 15,ooo. By
1903-4 the income had more than doubled and amounted to Rs. 35,000,
the chief sources being octroi and water rate. The water-supply is
obtained from the Waingangâ. Three filtration wells have been con-
structed in the bed of the river, and water is raised from them to
a service reservoir near the jail. The works were opened in 19oo,
the cost of the scheme being 1•84 lakhs and the annual maintenance
charges about Rs. 6,ooo. The principal industry of Bhandara is brass-
working, and its name is said to be derived from bhdna, `a brass dish.'
Cotton cloth is also woven, but the trade of the place is not considerable.
The educational institutions comprise a private high school supported
by contributions from the residents, an English middle school, and
several other boys' and girls' schools. Three dispensaries are maintained,
including mission and police hospitals. The United Free Church of
Scotland established a mission station here in 1882, and now supports
an orphanage, a dispensary, and several schools.
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