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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 8, p. 74.


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74
BHARATPUR STATE
(ghannas), and tigers and leopards in the Bayāna and Wer hills. The
so-called wild cattle, which used to be notorious for their ravages on
the crops, have almost all been impounded, and a good many of them
have been tamed, trained, and sold. Wild duck are extraordinarily
plentiful in the cold season.
The climate is on the whole dry and fairly healthy, but there is a
good deal of malarial fever and rheumatism during the rainy months,
owing to the large area of land under water. In the hot months a
strong west wind blows, often night and day, and the thermometer
stands very high. The mean temperature at the capital is about
81'; in 1904 the maximum was 115° in May and the minimum 44°
in December.
The annual rainfall for the whole State averages about 24 inches,
of' which 21 inches are received in July, August, and September.
Speaking generally, the eastern tahsils have, a greater rainfall than
the western. The annual fall at the capital averages between 26 and
2 7 inches. The year of heaviest rainfall was 1873, when nearly 45
inches were registered at the capital, while in 1896, at Bayānā, only
about 8 inches fell. In July, 1873, the rainfall was excessive (nearly
19 inches in the month). The canals and rivers overflowed their
banks and inundated the country for miles round. Villages are said
to have been literally swept away by the floods, and the capital itself
was saved with great difficulty. In August and September, 1884, more
than 25 inches of rain fell; large tracts were submerged for weeks,
and the bands of tanks and public roads were breached all over the
territory. Again, in August, 1885, the Bāngangā rose in high flood
and the Ajan band burst in eighteen different places. About 400 square
miles of Bharatpur and adjacent British territory were flooded, and
much damage was done. Since 1895, when, as already stated, the
control of the Bāngangā floods was taken in hand, there has been
little or no further trouble, except in 1902, when considerable anxiety
was caused by the GambhIr overflowing its northern bank.
The northern part of the State was held by the Tonwar (Tomara)
Rājputs, who ruled at Delhi, and the southern by the Jādon Rajputs,
who had their capital at Bayāna. The latter were
History, first ousted by Mahmūd of Ghazni in the eleventh
century, but soon regained possession. The entire territory passed
into the hands of Muhammad Ghorļ at the end of the twelfth century,
and for 500 years was held by whatever dynasty ruled in Delhi.
In the time of the Mughals the State generally formed part of the
.Sübah or province of Agra, but the northern tahsils, with the rest of
the turbulent MEWAZ country, were often placed under a special officer.
The present rulers of Bharatpur are Jāts of the Sinsinwār clan, and
claim descent from Madan Pal, a Jādon Rājput and the third son of
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