cipality in 1869. The income during the decade ending 19oi-2
averaged RS. 23,ooo and the expenditure Rs. 22,000. In 1903-4 the
income was Rs. 32,000, including Rs. iq,ooo derived from a tax on
persons (or property tax) and Rs. 6,ooo from a conservancy rate; and
the expenditure was Rs. 31,ooo. Bihar contains the usual public
buildings; the sub-jail has accommodation for 25 prisoners.
[Epigraphia Indiaa ; Archaeological Survey of India, vol. ii, pp. 291-4 ;
Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, vol. xxxvii, p. 7, and vol. xii,
Bihat-Petty sanad State in Central India, under the Bundelkhand
Agency, with an area of about 16 square miles. It lies between the
Jhansi and Hamirpur Districts of the United Provinces. Population
(1900, 3,984. The jdgirddr is a Bundela Rajput, whose ances-
tors originally received a grant of seven villages from Hirde Sah,
son of Maharaja Chhatarsal of Parma, the grant being continued
during the government of Ali Bahadur of Banda. When the British
supremacy was established, Diwan Aparbal Singh was found in possession
of seven villages, and Diwan Chhatri Singh in possession of Lohargaon
(which together now make up the eight villages of the holding), and
sanads continuing these grants were conferred on them in 1-862. The
present jdgirddr, Rao Mahum Singh, succeeded in 1872. Of the total
area, 7 square miles are cultivated ; and the revenue is Rs. 13,000.
The chief town, Bihat, is situated in 25' 25' N. and 79' 21r' E., on the
east bank of the Dhasan, io miles by country track from Haralpur on
the jhansi-Manikpur section of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway.
Bihiya.-Village in the head-quarters subdivision of Shahabad
District, Bengal, situated in 25° 33' N. and 84° 28' E., on the East
Indian Railway, 382 miles from Calcutta. Population 0901-), 764.
Bihiya is best known for the manufacture of iron sugar-cane mills,
which are now in general use throughout Northern India.
Bihora.---Petty State in RLwn KANTHA, Bombay.
Bija (Beja).-One of the Simla Hill States, Punjab, lying between
30° 53' and 30° 55' N. and 76° 59, and 77° 1' E., with an area of
4 square miles. Population (igoi), r,13i. The present chief, Thakur
Puran Chand, is a minor, and the administration is conducted by a
council. The State has a revenue of Rs. 500, out of which Rs. 124
is paid as tribute.
Bijapur Agency.-An Agency in the Southern Maratha Country,
Bombay, under the supervision of the Collector of Bijapur District,
who is ex-ol~icio Political Agent. It comprises the Satara jdgir of
Jath and the small State of Daphlapur. The latter, which has an area
of 96 square miles, is an integral part of the State of Jath, to which
it will lapse on the demise of the widow of the late chief. The
Agency lies between 16° 5o' and 17° 18' N. and 75' 1' and 75° 31' E.,