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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 9, p. 50.

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in the large number of Musalman converts; but Bulandshahr was
too near the court to afford much opportunity for those rebellions
and reconquests which make up the chief elements of Mughal history.
During the disastrous decline of the imperial power, which dates from the
accession of Bahadur Shah in 1707, the country round Baran was a prey
to the same misfortunes which overtook all the more fertile provinces of
the empire. The Gujars and Jats, always to the front upon every
occasion of disturbance, exhibited their usual turbulent spirit; and
many of their chieftains carved out principalities from the villages of
their neighbours. But as Baran was at this time a dependency of
Koil, it has no proper history of its own during the eighteenth century,
apart from that of ALIGARH DISTRICT. Under the Maratha rule it
continued to be administered from Koil ; and when that town with the
adjoining fort of Aligarh was captured by the British in 1803, Buland-
shahr and the surrounding country were incorporated in the newly
formed District.
The Mutiny of 1857 was ushered in at Bulandshahr by the revolt of
the 9th Native Infantry, which took place on May 21, shortly after
the outbreak at Aligarh. The officers were compelled to fly to Meerut,
and Bulandshahr was plundered by a band of rebellious GCijars. Its
recovery was a matter of great importance, as it lies on the main road
from Agra and Aligarh to Meerut. Accordingly, a small body of volun-
teers was dispatched from Meerut for the purpose of retaking the town,
which they were enabled to do by the aid of the Dehra Gurkhas.
Shortly afterwards, however, the Gurkhas marched off to join General
Wilson's column, and the Gujars once more rose. Walidad Khan
of Malagarh put himself at the head of the movement, which proved
strong enough to drive the small European garrison out of the District.
From the beginning of July till the end of September Walidad held
Bulandshahr without opposition, and commanded the line of com-
munication with Agra. Meantime internal feuds went on as briskly
as in other revolted Districts, the old proprietors often ousting by force
the possessors of their former estates. But on September 25 Colonel
Greathed's flying column- set out from Ghaziabad for Bulandshahr,
whence Walidad was expelled after a sharp engagement and forced to
fly across the Ganges. On October 4 the District was regularly occu-
pied by Colonel Farquhar, and order was rapidly restored. The police
were at once reorganized, while measures of repression were adopted
against the refractory Gujars, many of whom still continued under
arms. It was necessary to march against rebels in Etah early in 1858 ;
but the tranquillity of Bulandshahr itself was not again disturbed.
Throughout the progress of the Mutiny, the Jats almost all took the
side of Government, while the Gujars and Musalman Rajputs
proved our most irreconcilable enemies.
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