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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 9, p. 51.


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POPULATION
5r
Two important copperplate inscriptions have been found in the
District, one dated A. D. 465-6 of Skanda Gupta, and another giving
the lineage of the Dor Rajas. There are also ancient remains at
Ahar and Bulandshahr. A dargdh was built at Bulandshahr in 1193,
when the last Dor Raja was defeated by the Muhammadans ; and the
town contains other buildings of the Muhammadan period,
The number of towns and villages in the District is 1,532. Popula-
tion has increased considerably. The numbers at the last four enumera-
tions were as follows : (1872) 937,427, (1881) 924,822,
(1891) 949,914, and (19oi) 1,138,1or. The tempo-

rary Population.
decline between 1872 and 1881 was due to the terrible outbreak
of fever in 1879, which decimated the people. The increase of nearly
20 per cent. during the last decade was exceeded in only one District
in the Provinces. There are four tahsils-ANUPSHAHR, BULANDSHAHR,
S1KANDARABAD, and KHURJA-the head-quarters of each being at a
town of the same name. These four towns are also municipalities, and
the last three are the chief places in the District.' `
The principal statistics in 1901 are given below
Number of ^ `S c.a
0 C... N'^ G W r 0.0'r
c... v w F"id C ~
Tahsal. caF 3 _~ oa y ova ~0 yvC
43
Po.~ P.~on.3~ Za
An&pshahr. - -444 4 378 278,1.;2 626 +22.0 6,32.5
Bulandshahr 477 5 379 332,262 696 + 17-8 9,612
5ikandarabad 516 7 404 260,849 505 +16.2 .5,046
Khurja 462 7 348 266,838 577 +20-7 7,176
Distriettotal 1,899 23 1,509 1,198,101 599 +19.8 28,159
In 1901 Hindus numbered goo,16q, or 79 per cent. of the total;
Musalmans, 217,209, or r9 per cent.; Aryas, 12,298; and Christians,
4528. The number of Aryas is greater than in any other District in
the Provinces, and the Samaj has twenty-seven lodges or branches
in Bulandshabr. Practically all the inhabitants speak Western Hindi.
In the north the dialect is Hindustani, while in the south Braj is
commonly used.
Among Hindus the most numerous castes are Chamars (leather-
workers and labourers), 183,000, who form one-fifth of the total ;
Brahmans, 113,000; Rajputs, 93,000; Jats, 69,ooo; Lodhas (culti-
vators), 64,000; Banias, 56,ooo; and Gujars, 44,ooo. The Brahmans
chiefly belong to the Gaur clan, which is peculiar to the west of the
Provinces and the Punjab, while Jats and Gujars also are chiefly
found in the same area. The Lodhas, on the other hand, inhabit
the central Districts of the Provinces. The Meos or Minas and
E 2
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