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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 9, p. 52.

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Mewatis are immigrants from MFWAT.; and among other castes pecu-
liar to this and a few other Districts may be mentioned the Orhs
(weavers), 4,ooo, and Aherias (hunters), 4,ooo. The Musalmans of
nominally foreign extraction are less numerous than those descended
from Hindu converts. Shaikhs number 24,000 ; Pathans, 17,000
Saiyids, 6,ooo ; and Mughals only 3,000; while Musalman Rajputs
number 34,000; Barhais (carpenters), 15,000 ; Telis (oil-pressers),
i i,ooo ; and Lohars (blacksmiths), 1 i,ooo. About 51 per cent. of
the population are supported by agriculture. Rajputs, both Musa1-
man and Hindu, Jats, Saiyids, and Banias are the largest landholders
and Rajputs, Brahmans, and Jats the principal cultivators. General
labour supports x 1 per cent. of the total population, personal service
9 per cent., weaving 3 per cent., and grain-dealing 3 per cent.
Of the 4,480 native Christians in 1901, 4,257 belonged to the
American Methodist Episcopal Church, which started work here in
1887. Most of them are recent converts, chiefly from the lower castes.
The Zanana Bible and Medical Mission and 'the- Church Missionary
Society have a few stations in the District.
Excluding the Jumna, and Ganges hhadars, the chief agricultural
defeat is the presence of barren usar land covered with saline eflior-
escences called i-eh, which occurs in badly-drained
Agriculture. localities, and spreads in wet years. The District
is remarkable for the absence of grazing-grounds, fodder-crops being
largely grown. Where conditions are so uniform, the chief variations
are due to the methods employed by different castes, among whom
Ahirs and Jats take the first place. The Ahirs devote most attention
to the area near the village site and prefer well-irrigation, while the
Jats do equal justice to all good land and use canal water judiciously.
The ' Lodhas come next and are as industrious as the Jats, but lack
their physique. Gujars are usually inferior.
The tenures are those common to the United Provinces; but the
District is marked by the number of large estates. Out of 3,440
mahals at the last settlement, 2,446 were zanaindari or joint zalnin-
ddri, 546 bhaiydchdrd, and 448 pattiddri or imperfect pattiddri.
The main statistics of cultivation in 1903-4 are shown below, in
square miles
Talasil. Total. Cultivated. Irrigated. Cultivable
AnHpshahr 444 339 158 38
Bulandshahr 477 376 191 45
Sikandarahad . 516 358 150 8,5
I{hurja 462 345, 152 72.
Total 1,899 1,418 651 241
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