I3 UI,ANDSHAIM TD TVN
1881 there were 130 public schools with 4,486 pupils,' and the numbers
rose in 1901 to 171 schools with 7,989 pupils. In 1903-4 there were
187 public schools with io,8oi pupils, of whom 57 were girls, and. also
271 private schools with 4,157 pupils. The total expenditure on
education was Rs. 49,000, of which Local and municipal funds supplied
Rs. 38,ooo, and fees Rs. i ,ooo. Of the public schools, two were
managed by Government and 1' 7 by the District and municipal boards.
The District has nine hospitals and dispensaries, with accommoda-
tion for io9 in-patients. In 1903 the number of cases treated was
ioi,ooo, of whom 2,300 were in-patients, and 8,400 operations were
performed.; The expenditure in the same, year was Rs. i8,ooo, chiefly
from Local funds.
In 1903-4, 39,000 persons were successfully vaccinated, represent-
ing a proportion of 34 per i,ooo of population. Vaccination is com-
pulsory only in the municipalities.
(I+.: S. Growse, I3ulandshahr (Benares, 1884) ; T. Stoker, Settlement
Report (i 89 i) ; H. R. Nevill, District Gazetteer (1903).
Bulandshahr Tahsil-Central tahsil of Bulandshahr. District,
United Provinces, comprising the parganas of Baran, Agauta, Siyana,
and Shikarpur, and lying between 28° .14' and 28° 43' N. and 77' 43'
and 78° 13' E., with an area of 477 square miles. The population rose
from 281,928 in 1891 to 332,262 in r9o1: There are 379 villages and
five towns, including BULANDSHAHR (population, 18;959), the District
and tahsil head-quarters, SxlxaRPUR (12,249), SiynNn , (7,61:5),
GULAOTHI (7,2x8), and AURANGABAD (5,91.6). The demand for:land
revenue in 1903-4 was Rs. 5,65,ooo, and for cesses Rs. 94,ooo. This is
the finest tahsil in the District, and the density of population, 696
persons per square mile, is considerably above the District average
(599). The East Kali Nadi flows from north to south through the
western portion of the tahsil, and formerly caused much :damage by
flooding in wet years. It has been straightened and.deepened, and is
no longer used as a canal escape, with very beneficial -results. The
northern pargana of Agauta is the most fertile. There are marshy
tracts in the north-east of the tahsil, and sandy areas in the south-east.
Irrigation is supplied by the Upper Ganges Canal east of the Kali Nadi.
In 1903-4 the area under cultivation was 376 square miles, of which
191 were irrigated. Well-irrigation supplies two-thirds of this area, and
is more important here than in the other tahsls of the District.
Bulandshahr Town.-Head-quarters of the District and tahsil
of the same name, United Provinces, situated in 28° 15' N. and
77° 52' E., on the grand trunk road, io miles east of the Chola station
on the East Indian Railway. Population (igoi), 18,959, of whom
9,139 are Hindus and 9,071 Musalmans. The old name of the town
was Baran, and it received the nickname Unchanagar or Bulandshahr