66 B ULDANA DISTRICT
but should the well have been made subsequently the land is treated in
all respects as `dry' land. Rice lands are assessed at a maximum rate
of Rs. 6 per acre.
Collections on account of land revenue and revenue from all sources
have been, in thousands of rupees:-
1880-i. 18go-i. 1900-1. 1903-4-
Land revenue 9,48 10,49 11,21 11,04
Total revenue 11,33 15,31 16,15 15,35
Outside the municipality of Buldana, local affairs are managed by
the District board and the tdluk boards subordinate to it. The
expenditure of these in 1903-4 was Rs.98,ooo, of which Rs.34,000
was spent on public works and RS. 20,000 on education. The chief
source of income is the land cess.
The District Superintendent of police has control over the police
throughout the District, excepting those on the railway line in the
Malkapur tdluk, who are subordinate to the District Superintendent of
Akola. The District contains 26 police stations, including town
stations. The only jail is at Buldana, which contained in 1903-4 a
daily average of 56 prisoners.
Buldana stands fourth among the six Districts of Berar in regard to
the literacy of its population, of whom 4 per cent. (8-o males and
o-1 females) were able to read and write in 1901. In 1903-4 the
District contained 115 public, 69 aided, 7 unaided, and 3 private
schools, with a total of 8,209 pupils, of whom 6,087 were in public
schools and 369 were girls. Of the 115 institutions classed as public,
all, except three managed by the Buldana municipality, were under the
District board. The great majority of the pupils under instruction
were only in primary classes, and no girls had advanced beyond that
stage. Education has, however, made great progress in the District,
though female education is not yet appreciated. Of the male popula-
tion of school-going age more than 9 per cent., and of the female popu-
lation of the same age o-6 per cent., were in the primary stage of
instruction. The total expenditure on education in 1903-4 was
Rs. 73,000, of which Rs. 4,000 was derived from fees.
The District possesses one hospital and seven dispensaries, with
accommodation for 44 male and io female in-patients. In 1903 the
number of cases treated was 56,203, of whom 850 were in-patients, and
1,983 operations were performed. The expenditure was Rs. 14,ooo, the
greater portion of which was met from Provincial revenues.
In 1903-4 the proportion of persons successfully vaccinated was
39-1 per 1,ooo, the mean for the province being 36•6. Vaccination
is compulsory only in the Buldana municipality.