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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 10, p. 1.


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IMPERIAL GAZETTEER
OF INDIA
VOLUME X
Central Provinces.-A Province under a Chief Commissioner, or
Local Administration, situated in the centre of the peninsula, and
comprising a large portion of the broad belt of hill and plateau country
which separates the plains of Hindustan from the Deccan 1. The
Province lies between 17 47' and 24 27' N. and between 75 57' and
84 24' E. Its shape from north-west to south-east approximates to that
of a rectangle, broader at the lower than at the upper extremity. The
extreme length from north to south is 500 miles and the breadth from
east to west also about 500 miles, while the area is 113,281 square miles,
of which 82,093 are British territory and the remainder held by Feudatory
chiefs. The Province is bounded on the north and north-west by the
Central India States, and along a small strip of Saugor District by
the United Provinces; on the west by the States of Bhopal and Indore,
and by the Khandesh District of Bombay; on the south by Berar,
the Nizam's Dominions, and large zaminddri estates of the Madras
Presidency; and on the east by the last, and by the Tributary States
of Bengal. The Central Provinces are thus enclosed on nearly every
side by Native States, and are cut off geographically from other British
Provinces.
The Province may be divided from north-west to south-east into
three tracts of upland, alternating with two of plain
country. In the north-west the Districts of Saugor Physical
aspects.
and Damoh lie on the Vindhyan or Malwa plateau,
the southern face of which rises almost sheer from the valley of
1 Since October 1, 19o3, Berar has been administered by the Chief Commissioner of
the Central Provinces. But except where the contrary is expressly stated, this article
treats of the Central Provinces without Berar. In 19o5 the greater part of Sambalpur
District, together with the five Feudatory States of Bamra, Rairakhol, Sonpur, Patna,
and Kalahandi, were transferred to Bengal, while the five Feudatory States of Chang
Bhakar, Korea, Surguja, Udaipur, and Jashpur were transferred from Bengal to the
Central Provinces. The statistics of area and population have been altered to show
the effect of these transfers, but the other statistics contained in this article are for the
area of the Central Provinces as it stood in 1903-4 before the transfers.
VOL. X. B
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