fact an unusually large number of transfers are taking place, and
nearly half the purchasers are money-lenders.
The following table shows the collections of land revenue and of total
revenue (principal heads only), in thousands of rupees:-
Land revenue .
Total revenue .
5114 1 5,17
Io,31 1 10,84
Outside the MOTYHARi and BrTTrna municipalities, local affairs are
managed by a District board. Its income in 1903-4 was Rs. 1,55,000,
including Rs. 86,ooo derived from rates; and the expenditure was
Rs. 1,34,000, of which Rs. 71,000 was spent on public works and
Rs. 32,000 on education.
The District contains 9 police stations and 14 outposts. The police
force under the District Superintendent in 1903 comprised 2 inspec-
tors, 35 sub-inspectors, 24 head constables, 323 constables, and 48 town
chaukiddrs; the rural police consisted of 136 dafaddrs and 2,405
chaukiddrs. A small number of chaukiddrs are organized into a special
frontier patrol, with the object of preventing the inroads of bands of
robbers from Nepal. The District jail at Motihari has accommodation
for 356 prisoners, and a subsidiary jail at Bettiah for 26.
Education is backward in Champaran ; only 2-3 per cent. of the
population (4-5 males and o-1 females) could read and write in 1goi.
The number of pupils under instruction was 21,803 in 1892-3 and
19,785 in lgoo-1. In 1903-4, 18,627 boys and 807 girls were at
school, being respectively 14-o and o-5 per cent. of the children of
school-going age. The number of educational institutions, public and
private, in that year was 799, including i i secondary, 693 primary, and
95 special schools. The expenditure on education was Rs. 86,ooo, of
which Rs. 1o,ooo was met from Provincial funds, Rs. 31,000 from
District funds, Rs. 1,300 from municipal funds, and RS. 25,000 from
fees. The educational institutions include a third-grade guru-train-
ing school where teachers are trained, and 16 lower primary schools for
the education of aboriginal or depressed castes or tribes, 3 being for
Magahiya Doms and the remainder for the benefit of the Tharus.
In 1903 the District contained 7 dispensaries, of which 3 had
accommodation for 68 in-patients. The cases of 74,000 out-patients
and 1,028 in-patients were treated, and 3,662 operations were performed.
The expenditure was Rs. 24,ooo and the income Rs. 31,000, of which
Rs. 700 was derived from Government contributions, Rs. 4,000 each
from Local and from municipal funds, and Rs. 17,000 from sub-