774 CFIAIVAAI'ATNA TOWN
Channapatna Town. -Head-quarters of the tdluk of the same
name in Bangalore District, Mysore, situated in 12° 40' N. and 77°
12' E., 35 miles by rail from Bangalore city. Population (igo1), 10,425.
The fort, now ruinous, was probably built about I 58o by Jagadeva Raya,
who made this the capital of territory yielding a revenue of 9 lakhs
of pagodas, which had been bestowed on him by the Vijayanagar king
for his defence of Penukonda in 1577. He was of a Telugu Banajiga
family, which rose to power in the Baramahal in the fourteenth century.
His successors ruled at Channapatna till 1630, when it was taken by
Mysore. The town is north-east from the fort. It is celebrated for the
manufacture of lacquered ware and toys, of fine steel wire for strings
of musical instruments, and of glass bangles. It is the residence of
a large number of Musalmans of the Labbai and Daire sects, who trade
with the west coast. The municipality dates from 1870. The receipts
and expenditure during the ten years ending i 9o i averaged Rs. 4,700
and Rs. 4,900. In 1903-4 the income was Rs. 5,500, chiefly from taxes;
and the expenditure was Rs. 6,400.
Channarayan Betta.--Hill in the Chik-Ballapur Mluk of Kolar
District, Mysore, situated in 13° 23' N. and 77° 44' E. ; one of the
Nandidroog group, 4,762 feet high. The Penner rises on the west, and
the Ponnaiyar on the east. There are traces of a fort on the top, and
the forest on the slopes is `reserved.' The temple of Channa Raya
is in a large cave on the west side.
Channarayapatna.-Eastern taluk of Hassan District, Mysore,
lying between 12° 46' and 13° io' N. and 76° r6' and 76° 38' E., with
an area of 415 square miles. The population in igoi was 90,950, com
pared with 78,211 in 189 r. The taluk contains two towns, Channaraya-
patna (population, 3,222), the head-quarters, and SRAYANA BELCOLA
(1,926); and 396 villages. The land revenue demand in 1903-4 was
Rs. I,97,ooo. The Hemavati river is the boundary for a short distance
on the south-west, and its tributaries form several large tanks. A high
ridge runs along the north, some small streams from which flow to the
Shimsha. The country is generally open and undulating. The principal
heights are the peaks at Sravana Belgola. There are large pasture
grounds for cattle and sheep.
Chansama.-Town in the Kadipr5nd, Baroda State. See Cx iNASNIA.
Chantapilli.-Village and lighthouse in Vizagapatam District,
Madras. See SANTAPILLY.
Chapra Subdivision.-Head-quarters subdivision of Saran District,
Bengal, occupying its south-east extremity, and lying between 250 39'
and 26° 14' N., and 84° 23' and 85° 12' E., with an area of 1,048 square
miles. The subdivision is a fertile tract of rich alluvial soil, enclosed
by the Gogra and Gandak rivers. The population was 972,7 18 in i 9o i,
compared with r,o29,639 in i89i, the decrease being largely due to