978 CHIN 1111,1S
metalled road of a total length of 133 miles, of which r24 miles lie in
the Chin Hills, and the remainder within the Upper Chindwin District.
It crosses the Pao and Manipur rivers by means of wire-rope suspension
bridges, and gives through communication between all the stations and
posts in the bills, and also connects the hills with Pyinthazeik on the
Myittha. There are fourteen resthouses and camps on the road. The
Falam-Indin road is an unmetalled track of a total length of 47 miles,
of which 39 miles are within the Chin Hills, and the remainder in
Upper Chindwin. It connects Falam with the left bank of the Myittha
river at a point opposite Indin, and is provided with five resthouses.
The Haka-Kan road, an unmetalled mule-road, 55 miles in length, leads
from Haka to the Chin Hills boundary, and on into Pakokku District
The Haka-Kunchaung road, an unmetalled mule-track 44 miles long,
connects Haka with Kunchaung, a camp on the Manipur river. The
Falam-Tyco river mule-road is an unmetalled road intended to connect
Falam with Aijal, the head-quarters of the Lushai Hills. Its length to
the Tyao, the boundary between the Chin and Lushai Hills, is 63 miles.
It crosses six rivers, all bridged by timber lattice-girder bridges, and has
six resthouses along it.
The Chin Hills contain three subdivisions, and are administered
by a Superintendent, who is an officer of the Burma Commission, with
head-quarters at Falam, and three Assistants posted
Administration, at the subdivisional head-quarters-Tiddim, Falam,
and Haka. The Assistant Superintendents are ordinarily members of
the Provincial civil service or the Police department. There is a civil
Medical officer at Falam. The Chin Hills form a subdivision of the
Chindwin Public Works division, and are in charge of an Assistant
Engineer with head-quarters at Falam. A treasury officer is stationed
at Falam. There are no Forest officers.
Under the Chin Hills Regulation, 1896, the Chin Hills constitute
a Sessions division and a District for criminal, civil, revenue, and
general purposes, and the Superintendent is the Sessions Judge. As
Sessions judge he can take cognizance of any offence as a court
of original jurisdiction, without the accused being committed to him
by a magistrate. The Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code with
certain modifications are applicable to Chins, and for the purpose of the
latter Code the Local Government exercises the power of a High Court.
So far as regards persons other than Chins, the law in force is the same
as that of Upper Burma. Each Assistant Superintendent is invested
with magisterial powers. Under the Regulation headmen are held
responsible for peace and order within their territories, and are em-
powered to try certain cases according to local custom. Special rules
have been framed by the Local Government for the trial of civil suits