280 PAKOKKU CHIN HILLS
District, Burma, lying between 20° 4o' and 2r° 45' N. and 93° 3o' and
94' 9' E., with an area of about 2,250 square miles, and inhabited by
Chins. There is no distinctive native name for the tract. On its east
is Pakokku District; on its north-east the Chin Hills; on its south-east
and south Minbu District; on the south-west for a length of about
14 miles the tract borders on Akyab; thence westward and north-
westward it is bounded by unadministered Chin country, from which,
however, it is distinctly marked off by the Arakan Yoma in the south,
and by a spur from that range farther north. This spur is the back-
bone of the Pakokku Chin Hills. It branches off
aspects. from the Yoma at about 2I° 45' N., at a peak called
. Aisatung, and ends in the south-east corner of the tract.
It is 2,000 to 3,000 feet higher than the main range, which reaches an
elevation of about 5,000 to 7,000 feet along the country now being
described. The several offshoots from, this spur and the deep valleys
between form the hill tract. There is no flat country anywhere. Of
the subsidiary spurs the most prominent is that which cuts the tract
laterally into two almost equal parts, and rising to 10,400 feet in
MOUNT VICTORIA, possesses the highest peak in all the Chin country.
Lower down on this offshoot, at an elevation of 6,500 feet, is Kanpetlet,
the bead-quarters of the tract. The chief rivers are the Maw, Yaw,
and Mon. The first runs northwards into the Myittha, and belongs
to the drainage of the Chindwin, while the others have a generally
southerly course and empty themselves into the Irrawaddy. The Mon
is the largest ; it rises under Aisatung, skirts the northern half, and flows
through the southern half of the tract, finally entering Minbu District.
So far as is known, the geology and botany of the tract differ in no
essential particulars from those of the CHIN HILLS. In addition to the
ordinary kinds of wild beasts found in Upper Burma (the tiger, the
elephant, &c.), the only noteworthy animals are the goral (Cemas goral)
and the screw (Nemorhaedus bubalinus). Different kinds of monkeys
and flying squirrels abound.
Till recently no observations of rainfall have been taken, but it is
estimated that about roe inches of rain fall in the year. At Kanpetlet
the average is about 120 inches. From June to November the climate
is very humid and depressing, a day of uninterrupted sunshine being
rare; and even when it is not raining heavy mists usually envelop the
whole country. From the middle of December to the end of March
the climate is cold, but dry and altogether enjoyable. The day tempera
ture is then about 75°, and the night temperature 35° to 40°. Frost is
constantly experienced at the higher levels, and in exposed spots the
mercury has been found to register 27° at the coldest time of the year.
High winds about the end of March and the beginning of April are
followed by the early rains, which fall intermittently in April and May.