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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 10, p. 305.


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CHITTAGONG DL.STRICT 303
Demand for
Area in Population, land revenue
District. square miles. 1901. and cesses,
in thoû ands
of rupees.
Tippera . 2,499 2,117,991 13,45
Noâkhâli 1,644 1041,728 8,32
Chittagong 21492 11353250 13,22
Chittagong Hill Tracts 5,138 124,762
Total 11,773 4,7371731 34,99
* In the Chittagong Hill Tracts the so-called land revenue consists of the rents assessed
on lands cultivated with the plough, and no cesses are levied.
The head-quarters of the Division are at CHITTAGONG TowN. The
recorded population was 3,441,430 in 1872, 3,569,071 in 1881, 4,I9o,o81
in 1891, and 4,737,731 in I9oI. The most marked characteristic is the
large number of Muhammadans, who in I9oI constituted 3,333,000, or
70 per cent. of the whole population; Hindus numbered 1,251,000, or
26 per cent., and Buddhists 150,000, or 3 per cent., while there were
2,443 Christians and Boo of other religions. The density of popula-
tion is 402 persons per square mile, or 695, if the sparsely inhabited
Hill Tracts are excluded. The Division contains 6 towns and 9,740
villages. The only town with a population exceeding 20,000 is Chitta-
gong (22,I4o), but COMILLA (I9,I69) and BRAHMANBARIA (19,915)
very nearly approach that figure.
The position of Chittagong as the base for operations against the
Lushais before they were turned into peaceable British subjects
formerly gave the Division a much greater political importance than
it now possesses. As chairman of the Commissioners of the Chitta-
gong port, the Commissioner has to deal with a number of commercial
questions; and in the Chittagong Hill Tracts he exercises direct,
administrative control, and has the powers of a Sessions judge and
of an Inspector-General of police. The Government estates in this
Division are more important than in any other, especially in Chitta-
gong District, the aggregate rental being 8,43 lakhs, or nearly a third of
the total land revenue. No less than 2,085 square miles are `reserved'
as forest. Chittagong is the chief port in Eastern Bengal, and
CHANDPUR, on the Meghnâ, is a rapidly growing jute centre which
taps one of the most important jute-growing tracts in the world, while
SITAKUND is a much-frequented place of pilgrimage. The State of
HILL, TIPPERA Is under the political supervision of the Commissioner.
Chittagong District (Chattagrdm).-District in the Division of the
same name, Eastern Bengal and Assam, lying between 20 35' and
22° 59' N. and 91° 3o' and 920 23' E., with an area Of 2,492 square
miles. It lies on the east of the Bay of Bengal, and is separated on
the south from the Akyab District of Burma by the Naaf estuary; on
VOL. X. X
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