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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 10, p. 331.


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CHO WGH.4 T
3311
of Chota Udaipur. In the disturbances of 11858 the chief refused to
hold any communication with Tanti‚ Top!, one of the leaders of the
rebellion, and prepared to defend himself against any attempt to enter
his capital. It was when encamped before the town of Chota Udaipur
that T‚nti‚ Top! was defeated by General Parke. The chief bears the
title of Mah‚r‚wal. His house follows the rule of primogeniture, and
holds a sanad of adoption. He is entitled to a salute of nine guns.
The family moved at one time to Mohan, a most advantageous position
for commanding the passes, and built a fort there. Hence the State
is sometimes called Mohan. But this capital was abandoned in favour
of Chota Udaipur. It was probably in consequence of the defenceless
position of the latter place that the chiefs became tributary to the
Gaikw‚r. The political control has since 11822 been transferred to
the British Government.
The Census of 119or returned a population of 64,621, or 74 persons
per square mile, living in one town (Chota Udaipur) and 502 villages.
Hindus numbered 62,5116 and Musalmans 11,965. During the last
decade the State lost 311 per cent. of its population owing to famine.
Of 297 square miles of cultivable area, 77 square miles were cropped
in 11903-4. Cotton occupied about 11 i z square miles and sesamum
61- square miles. About 225 square miles of the total area are covered
by forest. There are no manufactures or mines; but marble and iron
exist in the soil, and expert advice is being obtained with a view to
their exploitation. The principal exports are timber, cotton, and
flowers of the mahud tree. The main route from M‚lw‚ to Baroda
and the sea passes through the territory.
The Raja is a chief of the second class, and has power to try his own
subjects for capital offences. The income of the State in 1903-4 was
about 2 lakhs. A tribute of Rs. 8,9o8 is payable to the Gaikwar of
Baroda, the amount being collected by the British Government. The
chief maintains a police force of 257 men, and a mounted military
corps of 23 men, who act as a bodyguard. There is one jail. The
State contains 114 schools with an average daily attendance of 456
pupils, and one dispensary which treated 4,473 patients in 11903-4. In
the same year 2,733 persons were vaccinated.
Chotila-Petty State in KATHIAWAR, Bombay.
Chowbe J‚girs.-Collection of estates in the Baghelkhand Agency,
Central India. See CHAUSE JAGYRS.
Chowgh‚t (Chaughdt).= I own in the Ponn‚ni tdluk of Malabar
District, Madras, situated in 110 35' N. and 76į 2' E. Population
(119011), 7,426. It was formerly the head-quarters of a tdluk of the
same name, which was amalgamated in 1186o with Kutnad and
Betatnad into the present tdluk of Ponn‚ni. It contains a District
Munsif's court and a deputy-Aahsilddr's office. At PalayÔir to the east
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