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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 10, p. 356.


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356 COCOS
form part of the Hanthawaddy District of Lower Burma. Their area
is small, the larger island being about 14 square miles in extent, and
the smaller about a-Ig miles long and a mile broad. They are flat,
waterless, unpopulated, and covered with coco-nut palms and forest
jungle. The Cocos have been leased by Government for the sake
of their vegetable produce, and are visited from time to time by
coco-nut gatherers.
Coimbatore District (Koyamuttűr).-An inland District in the
south of the Madras Presidency, lying between ro° 15' and ii' r8' N.
and 76° 39' and 780 14' E., with an area of 7,860 square miles.
West and south it is bounded by the highest hills in the Presidency,
the Nilgiris and the Anaimalais, the latter of which are perhaps the
most striking range in Southern India, consisting
Physical
aspects. of a series of plateaux, some rising to 7,000 feet
.
in elevation, with forests of great importance.
Through the three northern takiks run the confused hills of the
Eastern Ghâts, one of which, Kollegal, is on a higher level than the
rest of the District. Excluding this, the centre of Coimbatore consists
of an open plain, sloping gradually eastwards away from the hills
towards the river Cauvery, the eastern boundary of the District. The
plain is broken here and there by isolated low hills; but otherwise,
except in the level black cotton-soil tracts in the Udamalpet, Palladam,
and Coimbatore tâluks, it is made up of a succession of gentle undula-
tions between which the rivers run. Its scenery differs little from that
of the adjoining east coast Districts, except that the frequent green
patches of cultivation near its numerous wells give it in the-dry season
an unusually prosperous look. The spurs of the Eastern Ghats in the
three northern tdluhs form two well-marked minor ranges, known as
the Biligiri-Rangans and the Bargar hills. The former, which consist
of two ridges running up into peaks of over 5,000 feet, lie on the
extreme west of the Kollegâl Idluk, extending into Mysore territory.
The latter stand between the Bhavani and Kollegâl tâluks, and are
called after a village which lies among them. They form a long narrow
plateau over 3,000 feet in height. In both of these ranges the scenery
is always picturesque, while in many of the lower valleys the heavy
jungle is particularly wild. Of the hills on the western frontier of the
District the most conspicuous are Rangaswâmi Peak and Lambton's
Peak.
Except the Aliyar, an unimportant stream, all the larger rivers run
eastwards, following the trend of the ground, into the Cauvery, the
most important river of the District and the boundary along the whole
of its northern and eastern sides. At the north-west corner of Kollegal
this forms the famous Falls of SIVASAMUDRAM, well-known for their
beauty, and now utilized to generate electricity for the machinery at the
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