A lunatic asylum at Cuttack: has accommodation for 43 male and
6 female lunatics.
The District is exceptionally liable to small-pox epidemics, and the
death-rate from this cause in igoo-i amounted to 3.6 per i,ooo.
Since that year, however, the deaths from small-pox have largely
decreased and were only 289 in 1904, as compared with 7,253 in 19oi ;
this result being attributed to the action taken against professional
inoculators, of whom there were found to be 264 in the District.
Vaccination is not compulsory except in municipal areas, but during
1903-4 the number of persons successfully vaccinated was 63,000,
or 31.9 per i,ooo of the population.
[Sir W. VV. Hunter, Orissa (1872), and Statistical Account of Bengal,
vol. xviii (1877) ; A. Stirling, Account of Orissa (Serampore, 1822,
reprinted in Calcutta, 1904); G. G. Toynbee, Sketch of the History
of Orissa from 1803 to 1828 (Calcutta, 1873); N. N. Banerji, Report
on the Agriculture of Cuttack (Calcutta, 1893) ; S. I,. Maddox, Final
Report on the Survey and Settlement of the Province of Orissa (Calcutta,
igoo) ; and L. S. S. O'Mallev, District Gazetteer (Calcutta, igo6).]
Cuttack Subdivision.--Head-quarters subdivision of Cuttack
District, Bengal, lying between 20° 2′ and 20° 42′ N. and 85° 20′ and 86° 44′ E., with an area of 1,562 square miles. The population in
1901 was 1,035,275, compared with 981,991 in i8gi. The west of the
subdivision lies on the fringe of the Chota Nagpur plateau, while on the
east it is bounded by the Bay of Bengal. The central tract is a fertile
and densely populated plain, intersected by the Mahanadi and its
offshoots. The density for the whole subdivision is 663 persons per
square mile. It contains one town, CUTTACK CITY (population, 51,364),
its head-quarters; and 2,599 villages.
Cuttack City (Kataka, the fort).-Head-quarters of Cuttack Dis-
trict and of the Orissa Division, situated in 20° 29′ N. and 85° 52′ E.,
on the peninsula formed by the bifurcation of the Mahanadi where it
throws off the Katjuri. The place first sprang into importance in the
tenth century, when protecting dikes were built and a fort was con-
structed by the Hindu king; Makar Kesari. An ancient fort, called
Barabati Kila, of undoubted Hindu origin, is still one of the most con-
spicuous monuments in the city. Cuttack was the head-quarters of
both the Mughal and the Maratha administrations, and for many years
after its occupation by the British gave its name to the whole province.
The population, which was 42,667 in 1872 and 42,656 in 1881,
increased to 47,186 in 18gi, and to 5r,364 in igoi, including
4,810 persons in cantonments. In 1901 Hindus numbered 40,320,
Muhammadans 8,886, and Christians 2,047, while there were a few
Ilrahmos and Jains. Cuttack is noted for its filigree work. The
trunk road passes through it, and the principal roads in the District