The cold season is much like that of the Punjab proper, but ends a
fortnight sooner than at Lahore. Hot west winds blow steadily till the
end of June, when plentiful rain is expected. October brings cool
nights and the beginning of the feverish season, which is always very
unhealthy. The average mean temperature of January is 57°, of April
85°, of June 97°, and of September 87°.
The annual rainfall varies from 2rJ inches at Ballabgarh to 28 at
Delhi. Of the rainfall at the latter place 25 inches fall in the summer
months, and 3 in the winter. The greatest rainfall recorded during the
twenty years ending 1go1 was 48 inches at Delhi in 1884-5, and the
least one-fifth of an inch at Mahrauli in 1896-7.
The history of the District is the history of DELHI CITY, Of which it
has from time immemorial formed a dependency. Even the towns
of SONEPAT, BALLABGARH, and FARIDABAD hardly
possess local histories of their own, apart from the History.
city, in or around which are all its great antiquities.
The tract conquered by the East India Company in 1803 included a
considerable strip to the west of the Jumna both north and south of the
Mughal capital. A few native princes, however, still held independent
estates within the Delhi territory, the principal in the present District
being the Raja of Ballabgarh. As early as 1819 a District of Delhi
was regularly constituted. It included a part of the present Rohtak
District; and in 1832 the administration of the Delhi territory, nomi-
nally as well as actually, was placed in the hands of the East India
Company. The territory continued to form part of the North-Western
(now the United) Provinces till the Mutiny of r857. -
On the outbreak of the Mutiny the whole District passed into the hands
of the rebels; and though communications with the Punjab were soon
restored, and the northern parganas recovered, it was not till after the
fall of Delhi city that British authority could reassert itself in the south-
ern portion. When the final suppression of the Mutiny enabled the
work of reconstruction to proceed, the District was transferred to the
Punjab. At the same time the territories of the insurgent Raja of
Ballabgarh, who 'had been executed for rebellion, were confiscated and
added as a new tahsil to the District ; while the outlying villages of
the Doab, hitherto belonging to Delhi, and known as the eastern
pargana, were handed over to the North-Western Provinces.
The District contains 4 towns and 714 villages. The population at
the last three enumerations was : (1881) 643,515, (1891) 638,689, and
(Igo1) 689,039. It increased by 7.8 per cent. during
the last decade, the increase being greatest in the Population.
Delhi lahsil (8•9) and least in Ballabgarh (5•9). It is divided into the
three tahsils of DELHI, SONEPAT, and BALLABGARH, the head-quarters
of each being at the place from which it is named. The chief towns
VOL. XI. (2