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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 11, p. 226.


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226
DDI III .7)LSTRICT
are the municipalities of DFLHI, the head-quarters of the District,
SONEPAT, BALLABGARH, and FARIDABAD. The following table shows
the chief statistics of population in igoi :-
Tahsil.
Delhi
Sonepat
Ballabgarh
District total
Number of a4 a c .c w o
h N O r O,2 C cd 'd
2 O ~ g,
CE 3 `~ro 1 Ec 3
4::y^o
w H _. ao. oP wb>.3~ Y how 4
d D a a a
429 T 243 359,oo8 836.8 + 8.9 21,854
455 1 224 2o3,338 4469 + 7-3 6,445
385 2 247 126,693 3291 + 5.9 3,271
1,290 4 714 689,039 534-1 + 7.8 31,570
NOTE.-The figures for the areas of talzsils are taken from revenue returns. The
total District area is that given in the Census Report.
Hindus number 510,532, or more than 74 per cent. of the total ,
Muhammadans, 167,290; and Jains, 7,726. The people of Delhi city
share with Lucknow the reputation of speaking the most elegant form
of Hindustani or Urdu.
The Jats are the chief landowning tribe, numbering 114,000, and
are almost entirely Hindus. Those of the south of the District centre
about Ballabgarh, and their traditions are connected with the Jat
Rajas of that place. Those of the north are divided into two factions
the Dahiyas, who trace their descent from a grandson of Prithwl Raj,
Dhanij by name, and a Jat woman; and the Ahulanas, who say that
their ancestors came from Rajputana. The Gujars (28,ooo) are nearly
all Hindus ; they have a bad reputation as thieves, and levy a kind
of blackmail on the residents of the civil station by ensuring that the
rash householder who does not employ a Gujar watchman shall in-
fallibly have his house robbed. The Tagas (9,ooo) say that they were
once Brahmans, and derive their name from the fact of their having
abandoned (Odga) the practice of mendicancy. They are of the Gaur
family, and their tradition is that they were invited from Bengal for the
purpose of exterminating snakes. Sir H. Elliot finds in this story an
allusion to wars against `Takshaka Scythians' of a Buddhist creed.
The Ahfrs (14,ooo) are all Hindus and claim a Rajput origin. They
are excellent cultivators. The Rajputs (24,ooo) are mostly Hindus,
but 4,ooo are Muhammadans. The District contains 62,ooo Brahmans,
71,000 Shaikhs, and 8,ooo Meos. The Banias (47,ooo) are the most
important of the commercial classes, but there are 5,ooo Khattris. Of
the menials may be mentioned the Chamars or leather-workers (66,ooo),
the Chuhras (27,ooo) and Dhanaks (6,ooo) who are scavengers, the Jhin-
wars or water-carriers (17,000), the Kumhars or potters (14,000), the
Lohars or blacksmiths (6,ooo), the Nais or barbers (i r,ooo), the
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