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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 11, p. 228.

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grains of the District. Next in importance are cotton (37 square miles),
sugar-cane (25 square miles), and maize (15 square miles). Sugar-cane
is the most important and profitable crop of the autumn in the Langar
tracts of Delhi and Sonepat ; melons are an important crop of the
extra spring harvest. on the _ river-side near the city.
Tahsil. I Total. Cultivated. Irrigated. Cultivable
Delhi 294 for 7r
Sonepat 426o 323 194 82
Ballahgarh 395 250 27 41
Total 1,284_ . 322 194
The cultivated area increased from 821 square miles in 1881 to
867 in 1904, or by slightly more than 5 per cent., and there is little room
for further extension. The character of the cultivation has, however,
been enormously improved by the remodelling of the WESTERN JUMNA
CANAL, which has caused the saline efflorescences and waterlogging,
once characteristic of the canal-irrigated tracts, to disappear in great
measure. The draining of the Najafgarh jhil has also added to
the cultivated area, besides vastly improving the physical well-being of
the people. A good deal has been done in the way of encouraging the
people to take advances for the construction of wells, and 12 lakhs
was advanced under the Land Improvement Loans Act during the
five years ending 1904.
Cattle form an important feature of agricultural -economy, and
few Jats do not own a yoke of bullocks and a cow or buffalo; but the
breeds are in no way peculiar. A horse fair is held at Delhi city, but
the District does not produce anything beyond the ordinary village
pony. The District board maintains one donkey and two horse
Of the total area cultivated in 1903-4, 322 square miles, or 37 per
cent., were classed as irrigated. Of this area, 161 square miles were
irrigated from wells alone, 941 acres from wells and canals, and 159
square miles from canals alone. The new Delhi branch of the Western
Jumna Canal, which traverses Sonepat and the northern part of the
Delhi tahsil, is estimated to irrigate 129 square miles yearly. When
the canal was reopened under British rule, it was aligned for a great
part of its length in a valley, and the watercourses were equally ill
constructed, often intersecting one another and running side by side
for long distances. The result was that almost irretrievable damage
was done by waterlogging and saline efflorescences, and the health of
the people was seriously impaired. Since 188o, however, the distri-
buting system has been entirely remodelled and about 386 miles of
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