The District contains four municipalities, DELHI, SONEPAr, BALLAB-
GARH, and FARIDABAD; and two `notified areas,' Mahrauli and Najaf-
garh. Outside these, local affairs are managed by the District board,
whose income amounted in 1903-4 to a lakh. The expenditure in the
same year was also a lakh, of which a fifth was devoted to education.
I The regular police force consists of 1,023 of all ranks, including 539
municipal police, under a Superintendent, who usually has one Assis-
tant and one Deputy-Superintendent (in charge of the city) and six
inspectors under him. Village watchmen number 924. There are 14
police stations, of which 3 are in the city, 8 outposts, and lo road-posts.
The District jail in the city has accommodation for 536 prisoners.
Delhi stands fifth among the twenty-eight Districts of the Province
in respect of the literacy of its population. In i 9o i the proportion of
literate persons was 4.6 per cent. (8 males and o-6 females). The
number of pupils under instruction was 5,210 in 1880-i, 8,124 in
1890-1, 9,525 in 19oo-1, and 10,644 in 1903-4. In the last year the
District had 2 Arts colleges, 14 secondary, i to primary, one training,
and 3 special (public) schools, and 12 advanced and 123 elementary
(private) schools, with 570 girls in the public and 277 in the private
schools. The total expenditure on education in 1903-4 was 2 lakhs,
of which Rs. 19,ooo was derived from District funds, Rs. 18,ooo from
municipalities, and Rs. 73,000 from Provincial funds.
The public medical institutions are the municipal Dufferin Hospital
and two dispensaries in the city, and 6 outlying dispensaries. In 1904
these treated a total of 131,050 out-patients and 2,299 in-patients, and
5,975 operations were performed. The total expenditure was Rs. 30,000,
the greater part of which was met from municipal and District funds.
Besides the institutions mentioned above, the city possesses the
St. Stephen's Hospital (Cambridge Mission) for women and the
Baptist dispensary. The Victoria Memorial Zanana Hospital, erected
at a cost of one lakh, was opened in December, 1906.
The number of successful vaccinations in 1903-4 was 27,280, repre-
;senting 39•7 per i,ooo of the population. Vaccination is compulsory
only in Delhi city and Sonepat town.
[D. C. J. Ibbetson, District Gazetteer (j883-4); R. Maeonachie,
Settlement Report (1882).]
Delhi Tahsil.-Central tahsil of Delhi District, Punjab, lying
between 28° 30′ and 28° 53′ N. and 76° 51′ and 77° 17′ E., to the west
of the river Jumna, with an area of 429 square miles. The population
in igoi was 359,oo8, compared with 329,547 in 1891. The head-
quarters are at DELHI Circa (population, 208,575), and there are also
243 villages. The land revenue and cesses amounted in 1903-4 to
3-4 lakhs. The eastern portion of the tahsil lies in the Jumna lowlands.
From the city southwards stretches a line of low quartzite hills, while