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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 11, p. 237.


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DESCRIPTION 237
Empress of India, and in 1903 to celebrate the accession of
Edward VII.
The modern city of Delhi extends for over 2 miles along the west
bank of the river Jumna, and on the other three sides is enclosed by
a lofty stone wall 34 miles in length, built by Shah
Jahan, and reconstructed by the British at the Description.
beginning of the last century. It was once entered by fourteen gates,
eight on the land side and six leading to the river ; but many of these
have now been removed. Of those that remain, the principal are : on
the north the Kashmir Gate, on the west the Farash Khana and Ajmer
Gates, and on the south the Delhi Gate. The imperial palace, now
known as the Fort, lies to the east of the city, and abuts directly on
the river. It is surrounded on three sides by an imposing wall of
red sandstone, with small round towers, and gateways on the west and
south.
On the north-east of the Fort is the outwork of Salimgarh. At this
point the East Indian Railway enters the city by a magnificent bridge
across the Jumna, passing over Salimgarh and through a corner of the
Fort to the railway station within the city walls. North-west of the
Fort, up to the Kashmir Gate, lies an open space in which are situated
the public offices and St. James's Church. South of this and separated
from it by the railway line lies another open space devoted to the
public gardens ; and in the south-east corner of the city, in the quarter
known as Darya (3anj, is the cantonment. The area thus occupied
covers nearly one-half of the entire city ; it presents a comparatively
open appearance, and forms a marked contrast to the south-west
quarter of the city, which is densely occupied by the shops and
dwellings of the native population.
The architectural glories of Delhi are famous alike in Indian and
European literature. It is impossible in a brief notice like the present
to attempt any adequate description of them. They are described in
Mr. Fergusson's History of Indian and Eastern Architecture (1876), in
Mr. Fanshawe's Delhi Past and Present (1902), and in many other
works. The palace of Shah Jahan, perhaps less picturesque and more
sober in tone than that of Agra, has the advantage of being built on
a more uniform plan, and by the most magnificent of the royal builders
of India. It forms a parallelogram, measuring i,6oo feet east and west
by 3,202 feet north and south, exclusive of the gateways. Passing the
deeply-recessed portal, a vaulted hall is entered, rising two storeys, 375
feet long, like the nave of a gigantic Gothic cathedral--' the noblest
entrance,' says Mr. Fergusson, `to any existing palace.' Facing this
entrance is the Naubat Khana or 'music hall,' and beyond is the great
court of the palace, in the middle of which stands the Diwan-i-am or
`hall of public audience.' Behind this again is a court containing the
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