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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 11, p. 324.


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324
DIIOI,PUR .S.TATT
on the death of the latter in x782 it fell into the hands of Sindhia; on
the outbreak of the Maratha War in 1803 it was occupied by the
British, by whom, in accordance with the Treaty of Sarji Anjangaon,
it was restored to the Gwalior chief; in 1805, under fresh arrangements
with Daulat Rao Sindhia, it was resumed by the British, who finally in
1806, uniting the districts of Dholpur, Bari, and Rajakhera with the
laluha of Sir Muttra into one State, made it over to Maharaj Rana
Kirat Singh in exchange for his territory of Gohad, which was given up
to Sindhia.
The ruling family of Dholpur are Jats of the Bamraolia clan, the
latter name being derived from Bamraoli near Agra, where an ancestor
of the family is said to have held lands about 1195. They joined the
side of the Rajputs against the Musalmans, and received a grant of
the territory of Gohad about 1505, when the title of Rana was assumed.
In 1761, when the Marathas had been defeated at Panipat, Rana Bhim
Singh seized the fort of Gwalior, but it was retaken by Sindhia in 1777.
In order to form a barrier against the Marathas, Warren Hastings made
a treaty in 1779 with the Rana, and the joint forces of the British and
the Rana recaptured Gwalior. This treaty is a document of some
curiosity, having been negotiated in the infancy of our acquaintance
with the political affairs of Northern India. In 1781 a treaty with
Sindhia stipulated for the integrity of the Gohad territories ; but after
the Treaty of Salbai (1782) the Rana was abandoned on the ground
that he had been guilty of treachery, and Sindhia soon possessed
himself of Gohad and Gwalior. The Rana remained in exile until
Lord Wellesley's policy against the Marathas again brought him for-
ward, and under the treaty of 1804 he recovered Gohad and certain
other districts ; but in 1805 they were retransferred to Sindhia, and in
exchange the Rana obtained the territory which lie now possesses.
The first Rana (or more correctly Maharaj Rana) of Dholpur was Kirat
Singh ; his son, Bhagwant Singh, succeeded in 1836, and for valuable
assistance rendered in the Mutiny received the insignia of K.C.S.I. ;
he was made a G.C.S.I. in 1869 and died in 1873. The third chief
was Nihal Singh, grandson of Bhagwant Singh ; he was an honorary
major in the Central India Horse and received the C.B. and Frontier
medal for services in the Tirah campaign. He died in igoi, and was
succeeded by his eldest son, Ram Singh, the present chief, who
was born in 1883, was for a short time at the Mayo College at Ajmer,
subsequently joined the Imperial Cadet Corps, and was invested with
powers in 1905. The Rana of Dholpur is entitled to a salute of 15
guns.
There is not much of archaeological interest in the State. South of
the capital on the left bank of the Chambal is a very old fort, which,
since about 1540, has been called Shergarh after Sher Shah, who rnuch
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