ELLICHPU2R TOWN 19
Ellichpur Subdivision.-Subdivision of Amraoti District, ' Berar,
consisting of the ELLICHPUR.and MELGHAT MINAS.
Ellichpur Titluk.-Formerly the headquarters Wzzk of Ellichpur
District,, but since August,' 1905, a Wuk of Ammon District, Bear,
lying between 21° 9′ and 21° 24′ N. and 77° 23′ and 77° 53′ E., with
an area Of 469 square miles. The population fell from 146,225 in i89,Y
to 146,035 in 29or, but its density, 32 i persons per square mile, is'higher
than in any` other taluk in Berar.' The Wuk contains 224 villages
and five towns: ELLICHPUR (population, 26,o8g), the' headquarters,
PARATWADA (10410), KARASGAON (7,456),- SIRASGAON (6,537), and
CHANDUR BAZAR (5,208). The demand for land revenue in 1903-4
was Rs. 5', I7,ooo, and for c6sses Rs. 41,ooo. The taluk lies in the
P&yanghat, and is bounded on the north by the Gawilgarh hills.
Ellichpur Town.-Head-quarters of the Ellichpur taluk of Amraoti
District,.Berar, situated in 21° 16′ N. and 77° 33′ E. The population
in igor numbered 26,082, of whom 28,440 were Hindus, 7,247. Musai-
mans, 232 Jains, and 136 Animists. Until August, 1905, Ellichpur,
was the head-quarters of a District of the same name.
The town of Ellichpur has an interesting history. 'Local legend
ascribes its foundation to the eponymous Raja; 11, said to have been
a Jain who came from the village in Ellichpur District now known as
Khan Zamannagar, in Samvat I2r5, -corresponding to A.D. I-058. The
legend represents him as a powerful independent RAJA; but from all
that is known of the history of Berar'at this period it seems that the
province formed part of the kingdom of Somesvara I, of the restored
Chalukya dynasty. The absurdities of the legend of the war of Raja Il
with Shah Abdur-Rahman Ghazi, a hero of the 'headless horseman'
type, said to be, like Salar Masud of Bahraich, a nephew of Mahm!ud
of Ghazni, are sufficient to cast a doubt on the very existence of Raja.
Il; and it is not improbable that the whole story is a corruption of
the' Paehpirya legends of Northern India.
The first mention of Ellichpur in authentic history is made by
Barani, who 'describes it' as being, towards the end of the thirteenth
century A. D., ' one of the. famous cities of the Deccan. The city, and
the -district of which it was the capital, were assigned to Ala-ud-din
after his first expedition to Deogiri in 1294, but still remained under
Hindu administration,, the revenues being remitted to Delhi. On the
final fall of Deogiri in .1328, the city, with the rest of Eerar, came under
the direct, administration of the Muhammadan conquerors. During the
rule of the Bahmani Sultans of the Deccan it was the capital of the taraf
or province of Berar. Muhammad Shah (1378-97), the fifth ` king;' of
that dynasty, established here an orphanage after the famine which
occurred during his reign.. Firoz Shah, the eighth king, halted at
Ellichpur in 1400 while his generals undertook a successful.'expedition