to year, however, fluctuates considerably. Thus in 1894 the fall was
71 inches, and in 1-896 less than 17 inches.
According to tradition, the Rajas of Argal held a large part of the
District as tributaries of the Kanauj kingdom before the Musalman
conquest, and jai Chand, the last king of Kanauj, is
said to have deposited his treasure here before his History.
final defeat in 1194. Nothing definite is known of the history of the
District during the early Muhammadan period when it formed part of
the province of Kora, or in the fifteenth century, when it was included
in the short-lived kingdom of Jaunpur. The Argal Rajas supported
Sher Shah'against Humayun, and were finally crushed on the restoration
of Mughal power. Under Akbar the western half of the District formed
part of the sarkdr of Kora, while the,eastern half was included in Yard.
It has twice been the scene of battles in which the fate of the Mughal
empire was at stake. In 1659 Aurangzeb met Shuja between Kora and.
Khajuha, and the battle which resulted was one of the. bloodiest ever
fought in India, Shuja being defeated and his army dispersed. In 1712
Farrukh Siyar was unsuccessfully opposed- near the same: place by his
cousin, Azz-ud-din, son of Jahandar, who bad seized the throne. During
the slow decline of the Delhi dynasty Fatehpur was entrusted to the,
governor of Oudh ; but in. 1736 it was overrun by the Marathas, on the
- invitation of a disaffected landholder of Kora: The Marathas retained
possession of the country until 1750; when it was wrested from them by
the Pathans of Fatehgarh. Three years later Safdar Jang, the, practically
independent Nawab of Oudh, reconquered it for his own benefit. By
the treaty- of 1765 Fatehpur -was handed over to the -titular emperor,
Shah Alam ; but when in 1774 he threw himself into the hands of the
Marathas, his eastern territories were considered to have escheated,
and the British sold them for 50 lakhs of rupees to the Nawab Wazir.
As the Oudh government was in a chronic state of arrears with regard
to the payment of its stipulated tribute, a new arrangement' was
effected in r 8o 1, by which the Nawab ceded Allahabad and Kora to
the English, in lieu of all outstanding claims:
No event of interest occurred after the introduction of British rule,
until the Mutiny of 1857; On the 6th of June news of the Cawnpore
outbreak arrived at the station. On the 8th a treasure guard returning
from Allahabad proved mutinous; and next day the mob rose, burnt
the houses and plundered all the property of. the European residents.
The civil officers escaped to Banda, except the judge, who was mur~
dered,, On the 28th. of June fourteen fugitives from Cawnpore landed
at Shivaraipur in this District, and were all killed but four, who:escaped
by swimming to the Oudh shore. The District remained in the hands
of rebels throughout. the month ;, but on, the 30th. Colonel Neill sent off
Major Renauds column? from Allahabad to, Cawnpore: On the:' i i.th, of