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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 12, p. 90.

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province of Multan, and not to Sirhind, as would probably have been
the case had the river then run in its modern course. The shifting of
the river from which the tract derived its fertility, and the ravages of
war, were doubtless the chief causes of its decline. This probably
commenced before the end of the sixteenth century, and in another
hundred years the country presented the appearance of a desert. About
the end of the sixteenth century the Sidhu Jats, from whom the
Phulkian Rajas are descended, made their appearance ; and in the
middle of the seventeenth century most of the Jat tribes were converted
to Sikhism by Har Rai, the seventh Guru. In 1705 the tenth Guru;
Govind Singh, in his flight from Chamkaur, was defeated with great loss
at Muktsar ; in 1715 Nawab Isa Khan, a Many chief, who fifteen years
before had built the fort of Kot Isa Khan, rebelled against the imperial
authorities and was defeated and killed ; and about the same time the
Dogars, a wild, predatory clan which claims descent from the Chauhan
Rajputs, settled near Pakpattan, and gradually spread up the Sutlej
valley, finding none to oppose them, as the scattered Bhatti population
which occupied it retired before the new colonists. At length, in 1740,
according to tradition, they reached Ferozepore, which was then in-
cluded in a district called the Lakha jungle in charge of an imperial
officer stationed at Kasur. Three of these officials in succession were
murdered by the` Dogars, who seem to have had matters much their
own way until the Sikh power' arose. -
In 1763 the Bhangi confederacy, one of the great Sikh sections,
attacked and conquered Ferozepore under their famous leader, Gajar
Singh, who made over the newly acquired territory to his nephew,
Gurbakhsh Singh. The young Sikh chieftain rebuilt the fort and con-
solidated his power on the Sutlej, but spent most of his time in other
portions of the province. In 1792, when,he seems to have divided his
estates with his family, Ferozepore fell to Dhanna Singh, his second
son. Attacked by the Dogars, by the Pathans of Kasar, and by the
neighbouring principality of Raikot, the new ruler lost his territories
piece by piece, but was still in possession- of Ferozepore itself when
Ranjit Singh crossed the Sutlej in i8o8, and threatened to absorb all
the minor principalities which lay between his domain and the British
frontier. But the British Government, established at Delhi since 1803,
intervened with an offer of protection to all the CIS-SUTLEJ STATES;
and Dhanna Singh gladly availed himself of the promised aid, being
one of the first chieftains to accept British protection and control.
Ranjit Singh, seeing the British ready to support their rights, at once
ceased to interfere with the minor States, and Dhanna Singh retained
unmolested the remnant of his dominions until his death in 1818. He
left no son, but his widow succeeded to the principality during her life-
time; and on her death in 1,835, the territory escbeated to the British
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