The following table shows the collections of land
total revenue (principal heads only), in thousands of
i8go-i. I yoo-i.
14:35 1467 14,69
2491 24,82 28,52
revenue and of
Outside the municipalities of GAYA, TEKAR1, and DAUDNAGAR, local
affairs are managed by the District board, with subordinate local boards
in each subdivision except the head-quarters subdivision. In 1903-4
its income was Rs. 3,26,ooo, of which RS. 2,26,ooo was derived from
rates ; and the expenditure was Rs. 3,07,000, including Rs. 2,04,000
spent on public works and Rs. 45,000 on education.
In 1903 the District contained 14 police stations and 22 outposts;
and the force subordinate to the District Superintendent consisted
of 5 inspectors, 49 sub-inspectors, 56 head constables, and 659 con-
stables. The rural police consisted of 389 daffaddrs and 3,648
chaukiddrs. The District jail at Gaya has accommodation for 542
prisoners, and subsidiary jails at Nawada, Jahanabad, and Aurang-
abdd for 105.
Gaya District is backward in point of education, and only 3.6 per
cent. of the population (7-2 males and 0-2 females) could read and
write in 1gor. The number of pupils in the schools increased from
19,118 in 1880-1 to 26,250 in 1892-3 and to 26,849 in lgoo-r. In
1903-4 37,824 boys and 2,303 girls were at school, being respectively
24-9 and 1•4 per cent. of the children of school-going age. The
number of educational institutions, public and private, in that year was
1,598, including rg secondary, 979 primary, and 6oo special schools.
The expenditure on education was Rs. 1,49,000, of which Rs. 14,000
was met from Provincial funds, Rs. 45,000 from District funds, Rs.
3,000 from municipal funds, and Rs. 51,000 from fees. The chief
institutions are the Government school and two private schools at
Gaya town, and a school maintained by the Tekari Raj at Tekari,
all teaching English up to the matriculation standard.
In 1903 the District contained 15 dispensaries, of which 1o had
accommodation for 182 in-patients ; the cases of go,ooo out-patients
and 2,300 in-patients were treated, and 7,000 operations were per-
formed. The expenditure was Rs. 67,000, of which Rs. 3,000 was
met by Government contributions, Rs.. 22,000 from Local funds and
Rs. 7,000 from municipal funds, and Rs. 25,000 from subscriptions.
The chief institutions are the pilgrim and zanana hospitals at
Vaccination is compulsory only in municipal areas, but the practice
is steadily gaining ground, and the people as a whole are beginning to