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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 12, p. 208.


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208 GAYA DISTRICT
realize its efficacy. In 1903-4 the number of persons successfully
vaccinated was 58,ooo, or 29.5 per 1,000.
[M. Martin (Buchanan-Hamilton), Eastern India, vol. i (1838) ;
G. A. Grierson, Notes on the District of Gaya (Calcutta, 1893) ;
I,. S. S. O'Malley, District Gazetteer (Calcutta, 1906).]
Gaya Subdivision.-Head-quarters subdivision of Gaya District,
Bengal, lying between 24° 17′ and 25° 5′ N. and 84° 17′ and 85° 24′ E.,
with an area of 1,905 square miles. The population in 1901 was
751,855, compared with 832,442 in 1891 A plague epidemic was
raging at the time of the Census of 19oi, which not only caused many
deaths and a considerable exodus, but also made the work of enumera
tion exceptionally difficult. The subdivision comprises two tracts, that
to the north being a level plain dotted with isolated hills and contain-
ing some long hill ranges, that to the south an undulating country
with several hills forming the northern fringe of the Chota Nagpur
plateau. The density for the whole subdivision is only 395 persons
per square mile, and the population along the south is very sparse.
It contains three towns, GAYA (population, 71,288), its head-quarters,
TFKARI (6,437), the residence of the Tekari family (see T FKAR1 RAJ),
and SHERGHATI (2,641); and 2,999 villages. Gaya town, which pos-
sesses a very ancient history, is an important place of pilgrimage, and
at BUDDH GAYA are remains of unusual religious and archaeological
importance. The subdivision contains numerous other remains of
great interest, which have been referred to in the articles on GAVA
DISTRICT and BARABAR Hmi,s.
Gaya Town.-Chief town, and, with Sahibganj, the administrative
head-quarters of Gaya District, Bengal, situated in 24° 49′ N. and
85° 1′ E., on the left bank of the Phalgu river, on branches of the
East Indian Railway leading to Patna, Mughal Sarai, Luckeesarai, and
Katrasgarh. The town is divided into two adjoining parts, Gaya
proper or the old town, and Sahibganj or the new town. The old
town, which contains the famous temple of Vishnupada and other
sacred shrines, is chiefly inhabited by the Gayawal priests. The new
town (Sahibganj) is the administrative head-quarters of the District,
and contains all the public offices, revenue, magisterial, civil, opium,
police, &c., the dwelling-houses of the European officers and residents,
and also the police station and lines, hospitals, circuit and dak bunga-
lows, railway offices, a church, a public library, a school, and a
racecourse. The jail building, which was formerly in the midst of
the new town, has now been removed to a distance. It has accom-
modation for 542 prisoners, who are employed on oil-pressing, breaking
of road metal, weaving of daris and newdr, manufacture of bamboo.
baskets, money-bags, string and mats, jute twine, and cotton rope.
The streets of the old town are narrow, but those of the new town are
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