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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 12, p. 319.


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GONDAL STATE
319
Provinces, comprising the Jarganas of Gonda and Paliarapur, and
lying between 27° 1′ and 27° 26′ N. and 81° 38′ and 82° 19′ E., with
an area of 619 square mites. Population fell from 404,172 in 18gr to
384,021 in 1go1. There are 784 villages and three towns, including
GONDA (population, 15,811), the District and tahsil head-quarters.
The demand for land revenue in 1903-4 was Rs. 491,ooo, and
for cesses Rs. 5o,ooo. The density of population, 620 persons per
square mile, is the highest in the District. The tahsil lies chiefly in
the central upland area, which forms the most fertile portion. It is
bounded on the north by the Kuwana, along which stretches a belt of
jungle, while the Tirhi flows across the south and the BisŻhi across
the centre. In 1903-4 the area under cultivation was 422 square
miles, of which 187 were irrigated. In ordinary years tanks or swamps
supply almost as large a proportion as wells.
Gonda Town.-Head-quarters of Gonda District and tahsil, United
Provinces, situated in 27° 8′ N. and 81° 58′ E., at the junction of
several branches of the Bengal and North-Western Railway. Popula
tion (1go1), 15,811. The name of the town is popularly derived from
gonth4 or gothdn, a `cattle pen,' and its foundation is ascribed to Man
Singh, a Bisen Rajput, who possibly lived in the early years of Akbar's
reign. The last Raja of Gonda threw in his lot with the mutineers in
1857, and his estates were forfeited and conferred on the owner of the
AJODavn ESTATE. The town is of mean appearance, but is adorned
with two large tanks. The chief public buildings, besides the usual
courts, are the male and female hospitals, the District school, and
a literary institute with a library. Gonda has been administered as
a municipality since 1869. During the ten years ending rgor the
income and expenditure averaged Rs. 18,ooo. In 1903-4 the income
was RS. 22,000, including octroi (Rs. 11,ooo) and rents (Rs. 3,6oo);
and the expenditure was also Rs. 22,ooo. There is a considerable
trade in agricultural produce, but no manufacturing industry. Eight
schools have 260 pupils.
Gondal State.-Native State in the K‚thiawar Political Agency,
Bombay, lying between 21° 42′ and 22° 8′ N. and 70° 3′ and 71° 7′
E., with an area of 1,024 square miles. With the exception of the
Osam hills, the country is flat. Several streams intersect the State,
the largest, the Bhadar, being navigable by small boats during the rains.
The climate is good, and the annual rainfall averages 25 to 3o inches.
The chief of Gondal is a Rajput of the Jadeja stock, with the title
of Th‚kur Sahib. Gondal is mentioned in the 4in-i-Ahbari and the
Mirizt-i-Ahnzadi as a Vaghela holding in sarhdr Sorath. The founder
of the State was Kumbhoji I, who received Ardoi and other villages in
the seventeenth century from his father Meramanji. Kumbhoji 11,
fourth of the line, raised the State to its present position, by acquiring
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