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Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 12, p. 366.


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366 CUJRf1T DLSTRICT
of 16 lakhs. In 1605 the famous Saiyid Abdul Kasim received Gujrat
as a tuyl or fief from Akbar. On the decay of the Mughal powez,
Nadir Shah ravaged the District and destroyed Gujrt, after whic
it was ovrrun by the Gakhars of RAWALPINDI, who probably estab
lished themselves at Gujrt in 1741. The country also suffered at th
same time from the ravages of Ahmad Shah Durrani, whose armie
frequently crossed and recrossed it.
Meanwhile the Sikh power had been asserting itself in the Easter
Punjab; and in 1765 Sardar Gjar Singh, head of the Bhang con
federacy, crossed the Chenab, defeated the Gakhar chief, Mukarra
Khan, and extended his dominions to the banks of the Jhelum. O
Gjar Singh's death in 1788, his son, Sahib Singh, became involved i
war with Mahan Singh, the chieftain of Gujranwala, and afterward
with his son, the celebrated Ranjit Singh. After a few months o
desultory warfare in 1798, the Gujrat leader found it well to accep
a position of dependence under the young ruler of Gujranwala. A
length, in 1810, Ranjit Singh, now master of the consolidated Sik
empire, determined to depose his tributary vassal. Sahib Singh with
drew to the hills without opposition, and shortly afterwards accepte
the Bajwat territory in the present Sialkot District conferred on hi
in jdgir. In 1846 Gujrat came under the supervision of Britis
officials, when a settlement of land revenue was effected under order
from the provisional government at Lahore. Two years later, th
District was the scene of some of the battles which decided the even
of the second Sikh War. While the siege of MULTAN still dragge
slowly on, Sher Singh established himself at Ramnagar on the Gujra
wala side of the Chenab, zz miles below Gujrat, leaving the mai
body of his army on the northern bank. Here he awaited the attac
of the British, who attempted unsuccessfully to drive him across th
river, on November az, r848. Lord Gough withdrew from the assau
with heavy loss ; but sending round a strong detachment under Si
Joseph Thackwell by the Wazirabad ferry, he turned the flank of th
enemy, and won the battle of Sadullapur. Sher Singh retired nort
ward, and took up a strong position between the Jhelum and the Pab
Hills. The bloody battle of Chilianwala followed (January 13, 1849
a victory as costly as a defeat. On February 6 Sher Singh agai
eluded Lord Gough's vigilance, and marched southwards to ma
a dash upon Lahore; but the British pressed him close in the rea
and, on February aa, he turned to offer battle at Gujrt. The decisiv
engagement which ensued broke irretrievably the power of the Sikh
The Punjab lay at the feet of the conquerors, and passed by annexatio
under British rule.
At the first distribution of the Province, the whole wedge of Ian
between the Chenab and the Jhelum, from their junction to the hill;
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