ADMINl.STRA TION 37T
and the greatest daily average relieved in any week exceeded 55,000,
while the total expenditure was Rs. 4,84,ooo. There
was scarcity again in x899-19oo, but only test Famine.
works were opened, and the daily average number of persons relieved
in any week never rose above r,8oo. The total expenditure was a little
over Rs, ro,ooo.
The District is divided into the three tahsils of Gul1z~vr, PHni,1n, and
KHARIAN, each under a tahsilddr and naib-tahsildar. It is in charge of
a Deputy-Commissioner, aided by three Assistant or Administration.
Extra-Assistant Commissioners, of whom one is in
charge of the District treasury. 'l'wo Executive Engineers of the Upper
and Lower Jhelum Canals are stationed in the District.
The Deputy-Commissioner as District Magistrate is responsible for
criminal justice. Civil judicial work is under a District judge, and
both officers are subordinate to the Divisional Judge of the Jhelum
Civil Division, who is also Sessions Judge. There are three Munsifs,
one at head-quarters and one at each outlying tahsil. The predominant
forms of crime are cattle-theft and burglary.
Under Sikh rule the revenue was paid almost universally in grain, the
demand being a certain share of either the actual or the estimated
produce. Ranjït Singh divided the District among his Sarddrs, who
took what they could without much regard to -the recognized share.
In 1846 a summary settlement was made of the greater part of the
District, the assessments being based mainly on the average realizations
of the preceding three years. In 1849 a second summary settlement
was effected; but the proprietors could only be induced to take up
Leases with great difficulty, as this settlement, though it reduced the
previous demand, was unequal and in many estates too high. Sir
Henry Lawrence visited the District in 1852 and found startling in-
~qualities in the rates, which varied from an anna to Rs. 2 per bigha.
He ordered a prompt reassessment, which was carried out by the
Deputy-Commissioner in three months, the result being a reduction of
5.9 per cent. in the demand, and an average rate of Rs. 1-10-5 per
acre of cultivation.
The first regular settlement was made between 1852 and 1859, and
resulted in a reduction of 8 per cent. on the previous assessment. A
revised assessment was carried out in 1865-8. An immediate increase
)f 5.8 per cent. was taken, giving a rate of R. 0-15-5 per acre of culti-
ration, while, after fifteen years, progressive assessments were to bring
n an increase of 12-8 per cent. on the demand of the regular settlement.
second revision was undertaken between 1888 and 1893. Prices
vere found to have risen by at least 25 per cent. and cultivation by 2 7 per
!ent. The new assessment, including various deferred payments, was
ixed at 8•5 lakhs, at which sum it stood in 1903-4, being an increase