by ten, only one of which is managed by the Gurdàspur District autho-
rities. Little traffic is carried on by either river.
With the exception of a small area in the north-west, the District is
practically immune from famine ; and in the tract liable to distress
ready employment is afforded to the inhabitants by Famine.
migration to the highly-irrigated tracts of the Pathân-
kot tahsil and Jammu territory. The crops matured in the famine
year 1899-19oo amounted to 77 per cent. of the normal.
The District is in charge of a Deputy-Commissioner, aided by six
Assistant or Extra-Assistant Commissioners, of whom one is sub-
divisional officer in charge of Dalhousie during the Administration.
summer months, and another is in charge of the
District treasury. The District is divided into four tahsils-Gurdàspur,
Batala, Shakargarh, and Pathankot--each under a tahsilddr assisted by
The Deputy-Commissioner as District Magistrate is responsible for
,riminal justice. The civil judicial work is under a District judge,
and both are supervised by the Divisional Judge of the Amritsar Civil
Division (who is also Sessions Judge). There are five Munsifs, one at
zead-quarters, two at Batala, and one at each of the other tahsils.
There are also Cantonment Magistrates at Dalhousie and Bakloh,
and two honorary magistrates. The predominant form of crime is
Changes in boundaries made during the early settlements render any
,omparison of past and present assessments impossible for the District
Ls a, whole. The various summary settlements were all high, except in
'athânkot, and had to be reduced in the other tahsils. The regular
settlement of the various areas now included fixed the assessment in
:852 at 14 lakhs. In 1862 a revision resulted in a demand of 13
akhs, a reduction of 8 per cent. The assessment was full on 'dry'
ands, while wells were treated very lightly. Land irrigated from wells
>r canals was assessed as if unirrigated, with the addition of a rupee
>er acre. The area which could be irrigated from a well in ordinary
ears was underestimated, and considerable loss to Government ensued.
fhe assessment, which was very light, worked easily and well. In 1869
he records-of-rights of the villages of the Shâhpur hill tract in the
'atMnkot tahsil, including Dalhousie, were revised, but not the assess.
nent. In the Gurdàspur tahsil the assessment of 63 estates, which
tad been settled for ten years only, was completely revised in 1876.
~n assessment based on crop rates, and fluctuating from year to year
iith the area actually under crop, was introduced into 37 estates
lamaged by percolation from the Bari Doâb Canal. The fluctuating
ystem was extended in 1879 to 29 other villages.
The resettlerpCnt of the whole District was completed between î88s