Gwadar.-An open roadstead and port in Makian, Baluchistan,
;ituated in 25° 8′ N. and 62° 19′ E., about 290 miles from Karachi,
with a population of 4,350 persons (1903). The majority are fishermen,
Meds. The Portuguese attacked and burnt the town in 1581; and at
:he end of the next century it was taken by the Khans of Kalat and
;vas handed over by Nasïr Khan I to Sultan Said, a brother of the
ruler of Maskat, for his maintenance. It has since remained, with
about 300 square miles of the adjoining country, in the hands of
1Nlaskat, the ruler of which place is represented by an Arab governor,
or zelâli, with an escort of twenty sepoys. The value of the trade, which
is carried on by Hindus and by Khojas, locally known as Lotias, was
estimated in 1903 at 5z lakhs of exports and 2 lakhs of imports. The
contract for customs, which are generally levied at 5 per cent. ad valorem,
was leased for Rs. 40,000 in the same year. Gwadar is a fortnightly
port of call of the British India Steam Navigation Company's steamers.
On the hill overlooking the town is a stone dam of fine workmanship.
Gwalior Residency.-A Political Charge in the Central India
Agency, which comprises all the northern part of the western section
of Central India, extending from the Chambal in the north to Bhilsa in
the south, and from Bundelkhand and the Jliansi District of the United
Provinces on the east to the Rajputana Agency on the west : or,
generally speaking, the tract lying between 23° 21′ and 26° 52′ N. and
76° 29′ and 79° 8′ E., with an area of 17,825 square miles. Of this
area, 17,020 square miles belong to the Gwalior State, the rest being
occupied by the CHHABRA pargana of Tonk State (Rajputana), and the
minor States Of RAGHUGARH, KHANIADHANA, PARON, GARHA, UMRI,
BHADAURA, and several small holdings (see table on page 417).
The population of the charge (1901) is 2,187,612, of whom Hindus
number 1,883,038, or 86 per cent. ; Animists, 170,316, or 8 per cent. ;
Musalmans, 103,430, or 4 per cent. ; and Jains, 30,129, or i per cent.
The density of population is 123 persons per square mile. The
charge contains 6,820 villages and 16 towns, of which the chief
are LASHKAR (102,626, with Brigade), MORAR (19,179), GWALIOR
(16,807), GUNA (11,452, with military station), BHIND (8,032), BHÎLSA
(7,481), NARWAR (4,929), and CHANDERI (4,093). Bhilsa, Morena,
and Guna are the chief centres for the sale of grain, and Chanden for
the manufacture of fine cloths.
After the Treaty of Salbai (1782), Mr. Anderson was appointed
Resident at the court of Mahadji Sindhia, which was merely a moving
camp until 18io, when Daulat Rao Sindhia permanently fixed his head-
quarters on the spot where Lashkar city now stands. Till 1854, when
in Agent to the Governor-General for Central India was appointed, the
Resident at Gwalior corresponded directly with the Governor-General.
In i860 the minor States were made into a separate charge, under the